<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


Grade 5


Module 4


1. Different kinds of maps

Every map tells its own story. Work in a group and look in the atlas for examples of the following kinds of maps:

political maps;

relief maps;

climatic maps;

vegetation maps;

population maps.



[LO 1.3]

Choose from the following options to complete the second column so the right kind of map is indicated:

Kind of map What story does it tell? Possible options
Political maps show countries’ borders
Relief maps where people live
Climatic maps mountains, valleys in an area
Vegetation maps the weather in an area
Population maps the plants in an area

2. Use of colour on a map

A relief map indicates the different altitudes of regions. Regions with approximately the same altitude are indicated in the same colour. According to this physical relief of a country certain regions are also identified. We can therefore identify plains, mountains, rivers, swamps, dams, plateaux, etc.:

An explanation of a few:

COASTAL PLAIN - low-lying stretch of land close to the sea

PLATEAU - a reasonably flat landscape located high above sea level in the interior

PLAIN - flat, even stretch of land

MOUNTAINS - high-lying – a series of mountains are called a mountain range

Observe the key that indicates specific altitudes. (The colours in brackets are simply an indication of the colour most widely used in atlases for regions of that particular altitude.)

If you look at a cross-section of South Africa, the profile will indicate the coastal plain on the western side that builds up to the plateau in the central region of the country, and then gradually descends down to the coastal plain on the east:

3. How do we use maps?

To use a map well, you must understand the following:

The heading or title

A map’s heading should always indicate the specific kind of information it contains. Look at any map in your atlas and you will see that it has a name at the top, e.g. AFRICA Political.


You must know which side of the map points NORTH. If you turn your map so that it points to true north, you have orientated your map. Remember that word?

If you don’t have a compass, there are a few ways to determine where TRUE north is:

By using your watch if it has an hour and minute hand.

The shadow stick method, by finding the shortest shadow during the day.

By doing a simple calculation at night by means of the constellation called the Southern Cross.

The easiest way is to determine where the sun rises and sets. The sun sets in the west and rises in the east. If you know where east and west are, it’s easy to find the others.


LO 1


The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

We know this when the learner:

with guidance, selects and uses sources of useful geographical information (including graphs, maps and fieldwork outside the classroom) [finds sources];

categorises information [works with sources];

draws sketch maps and/or plans from field observation and measurements [works with sources];

uses an index to find places on global atlas maps [works with sources];

demonstrates knowledge and understanding of the issue through projects, discussion, debate and charts [communicates the answer].

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Social sciences: geography grade 5' conversation and receive update notifications?