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Arts and culture

Grade 9

Personal and social skills

Module 4

Contact improvisation


Dance can supplement and complement the other components (visual arts, music and drama) through the creation of an advertisement or product.

Use music that featured in the music class to accompany the dance activities

Warming up

  • Warming-up exercises should be increased and done regularly. Warming up should protect the body against injuries, make it more flexible, keep it in good shape and contribute towards the development of technical skills. Movement combinations and sequences should form part of warming-up exercises.
  • Follow the guidance given by the teacher when a series of warming-up exercises is introduced to you. Remember that the repetition of sequences and the correct positioning of the body is always important for the conditioning of the body, to make it more flexible and to develop certain skills.
  • You will also be given the opportunity to create your own combinations and sequences that will include design elements for choreography such as fast, slow, light, flowing, jerking, high, low and quiet or calm.
  • Warming-up and other dance exercises, if done regularly and purposefully, can also prepare and strengthen your body for your favourite sport.


  • Stand opposite each other. Place hands in front of chest with the open palms turned towards the other person.
  • Fall towards each other simultaneously and catch each other open handed.
  • Make any spontaneous sound (e.g. ‘oooo’ or ‘aaaa’) during the fall.
  • Sit back to back and make turns to lean on each other. The one supports the other.
  • The shift of weight must happen smoothly.


  1. What did it feel like to fall forward?
  1. Did you trust your partner? Why? Why not?
  1. What does trust mean?
  1. Who do you trust most?

Activity 1


Follow the presenter’s guidance in creating a composition.

Run anywhere in the open space without bumping into each other, and when the teacher beats on the drum or other instrument, FREEZE! Then form the first alphabetical letter of your first name with your body.

Repeat with a variety of locomotor movements and additions, e.g.

  • Change direction on the drumbeat.
  • Freeze and form the next letter of your name.
  • On each drumbeat from now onwards form another letter of your name.
  • Now choose four different letters from your name and create a shape for each letter.
  • Link the four shapes by means of any locomotor movements, e.g. slide, turn, role, jump, etc.
  • Repeat several times.
  • Practise the sequence and add a variety of levels and directions, e.g. high, low, middle, forward, sidewards, etc.

Repeat until the forms and movements flow from the one to the next.

  • Now add different rhythms and tempos to the sequence, e.g. fast, slow, flowing, staccato, etc.
  • Practise the movements

Work in two’s or three’s and now create your own choreography to advertise a new product (which you have designed in the visual arts class) by means of a TV advertisement or promotion stunt.

  • Attention must be given to the utilization of space. A strong start, middle and ending are essential.
  • You can choose your own music for accompaniment.

The educator will support and monitor by acting as facilitator and by ensuring that you tackle the task within context.

LU 3.3


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 3
participation and cooperationThe learner is able to display personal and social skills while participating in arts and culture activities as an individual and in a group.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
This is indicated when the learner:
3.1 is sensitive towards the music and art form choices of others;
3.2 is prepared to explore new cultural ideas and to re-evaluate stereotypes;
3.3 acknowledges own, group and varying identity;
3.4 expresses his or her own contribution in any art form;
  • is aware of the influence of the mass media on society;
  • is able to identify and interpret specific elements of music in advertisements and popular music;
  • is able to share responsibilities within a group;
  • is able to demonstrate the creation of complementary shapes by applying dancing skills with a partner, as well as dance sequences;
  • is able to counterbalance his/her weight with a partner.


Warm up exercise:

These exercises can be done to music. Preferably modern pop music to which the learners can relate. Tempo must be approximately between 125 and 136 beats per minute, which is a mid-tempo beat. (Compared to a slow tempo of between 84 and 125 beats per minute and a fast tempo of between 139 and 160 beats per minute.)

Helpful hints:

  • learners should breathe normally throughout the warm up
  • make sure learners have full range of motion when executing each movement
  • count audibly throughout the warm up
  • learners must be able to hear your instructions above the music
  • take note of any learner not executing the exercise properly
  • take note of any learner not knowing left from right

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11067/1.1
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