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Arts and culture

Grade 6

Personal and social skills

Module 4

Dance/movement: warming up and skill-development

To link up with the disciplines of the Learning Area we focus on the qualities of movement, emphasising African movements, rhythms and dances.

Warming up and skill-development

Warming up

  • Warming up should be done increasingly and faithfully. Its purpose is to safeguard the body against injuries, make it supple and keep it in shape and to develop technical skills. Combinations and sequences of movement should be included.
  • The learner should follow the educator’s guidance when a sequence of warming up exercises is introduced. Repetition of sequences and the correct placing of the body are always important in conditioning the body and to make it supple and develop skills.
  • You will get the opportunity to create your own combinations and sequences, which will include elements of design for choreography, e.g. fast, slow, light, flowing, jerky, high, low, quiet or peaceful.
  • Dance and warming up exercises executed faithfully and with purpose can also prepare and strengthen your body for your favourite sport.

Explore quality of movement

When it comes to the dynamics of energy we are concerned with the quality of movement. The quality of movement includes the following:

  • swinging – energy released with a pendulum quality which can be executed in different ways;
  • percussive – energy released in powerful, quick movements and stops, e.g. karate and boxing;
  • sustained movement is a continuous not-ending movement, e.g. a gliding eagle;
  • vibratory motion – a rapid, rhythmic release of body energy, e.g. the hovering of a bird’s wings;
  • gliding movement (suspension) – where the driving force behind a movement ceases for a brief moment, e.g. that sensation when, at the climax of a movement, the body stops momentarily; and
  • collapsible movement – a natural fall or entire collapse to and merging with the floor in relaxation.

Select a primary colour for each of the movement qualities and create your own combination by using any three movement qualities repetitively, such as a vibratory, pendulum and gliding motion. Choose a friend to work with, memorise each other’s movements and execute these movements together.

Reflection (Write in your diary or journal)

What movement quality can be compared to the African instrument made by you in the class?

How can colour be portrayed in movement?

Activity 1:

To explore relations through dance

[lo 3.1, 3.2]

Explore descriptive words through movement. Experiment with the following words by making sculptural shapes to give shape to the word. Experiment and try different shapes at various levels.

  • Select one of the words from the list and make a sculptural form to give shape to the word.
  • Choose three body shapes: one close to the floor, one high and one on medium level.

Descriptive words:

Rest Shade Thin Dark
Heavy Silence Big Flat
Hard strong Light Soft
Dainty angular round course
  • Repeat these shapes alternatively until the body can change fluently from one shape to the other.
  • Link the shapes with moving actions (locomotive) like a turn, a glide or a jump (e.g. a shape on a high level: a turn; a shape on a low level: a roll; a shape on a medium level: a jump). Repeat several times.
  • Choose three contrasting words and form three different shapes. Practise these shapes as described and link them with moving actions. Finally add all the body shapes together.
  • Practise these movements and refine them by adding dynamic actions (qualities of movement), while varying the speed to expose contrasts. Work with a partner and teach him/her your sequence of movements. Execute it together.

Use appropriate vocabulary to +describe and assess each other’s dances.

Activity 2:

To choose a simple traditional africa- or culture dance

[lo 3.1, 3.2]

Choose a simple traditional African dance or a dance true to the culture of the community. Ask somebody who knows the dance (a member of the community or someone in your class) to teach you how to do it. Practise and execute it.

Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 3
PARTICIPATION AND COOPERATION The learner is able to display personal and social skills while participating in arts and culture activities as an individual and in a group.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
GENERALIn regard to 3.1 – 3.6 below:
  • cooperates with other group members during arts activities;
  • is able to make his or her own contribution within the group;
  • accepts fellow learners;
VISUAL ARTS(3.6)
  • shares resources, choice of materials and negotiates choice of subject matter in group project with other learners, with focus on:
  • joint decision-making;
  • presentation;
  • safety;
  • the environment;
  • cultural diversity.
MUSIC (3.5)
  • sings and/or plays in a group – canons, rounds and two-part songs from at least three cultural traditions of South Africa;
  • extends and develops given snippets of dialogue with a partner, showing ability to “feed off” and respond to partner’s ideas;
  • assumes both leader and follower roles willingly in dramatic activities;
DANCE/MOVEMENT (3.1, 3.2)
  • displays dance partner skills in dance sequences;
  • shares opinions with other learners about dances from various cultures in a supportive and constructive way.
  • extends and develops given snippets of dialogue with a partner, showing ability to “feed off” and respond to partner’s ideas;
  • assumes both leader and follower roles willingly in dramatic activities;
DRAMA (3.3, 3.4)
  • extends and develops given snippets of dialogue with a partner, showing ability to “feed off” and respond to partner’s ideas;
  • assumes both leader and follower roles willingly in dramatic activities;

Questions & Answers

why should a firm close down when it's unable to pay it's variable cost?
ANDREW Reply
what is oligopolistic competitive market?
ngong
exchange of goods and services between countries is call
Hosea Reply
what is constant opportunity cost
Tiffany Reply
Constant opportunity cost means the value of sacrifice remains constant in every step.
Dipam
Gross Domestic Product GDP
Yusuf Reply
what is g d p
Jayapal Reply
gross daily performance
domingo
How best can a poor country respond to an economic crisis , what does it have to sacrifice.
Bah Reply
they should pay tax as progressive system and should make sacrifice for taxation of their income and land etc
Hamza
how have the nations tries to solve the problem of scarcity in their economies?
Amani Reply
total concentration on to reduce the per unit cost of commodity by technically or whatever
Hamza
explain what will happen to producer of green coconut now that we have to lockdown in the kingdom of tonga
Tuha Reply
the demand for coconut will decrease and supply increases which result in the decrease in the price of coconut and the coconut will be more elastic
Hamza
tonga is producing more long run economic good explain the meaning of the statement and its implication on the tonga economy
Tuha Reply
Demand is the various quantities of goods and services that consumer(s)are willing and able to purchase at a price within a time
Muhammad Reply
What is demand
Mc Reply
demand relates with the need of people for their satisfaction.
Mohd
Distinguish between cross elasticity and income elasticity of demand
Ruth Reply
Distinguish between cross elasticity and income elasticity of demand
Ruth
if change in the demand of the commodity with respect to change in demand of the substitute or other product called cross elasticity
Hamza
and. if change in the demand of the commodity due to change in the income . called income elasticity
Hamza
👍
Vipul
Cross elasticity of demand is the degree of responsiveness of quantity demanded of a commodity to a small change in price of another commodity whiles Income elasticity of demand is the degree of responsiveness of quantity demanded of a commodity to a small change in income of it's consumers
Afriyie
but these are book wordings
Hamza
income elasticity of demand shows how quantity demanded changes due to changes in income on the other hand cross elasticity refers to how the quantity demanded of a particular good alers given a change in the price of another good.
Keysie
what is the competitive demand
Adiza Reply
Income
Sanni
Competitive demand are those commodity dat are competitive in nature e.g the close up and my my toothpaste the increase in price of close up may bring abt decrease in demand of it and it will serve as increase in purchase of my my
Daniel
With regards to coal shortage and manicipal debts the what form of intervention do you think Eskom can put in place.
kedibone Reply
economic growth of Bhutan
Nima Reply
please, explain all the mathematics terms used in economics
nelson
The answer is: little more than high school algebra and graphs.
Tere
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
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