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Arts and culture

Grade 6

Personal and social skills

Module 4

Dance/movement: warming up and skill-development

To link up with the disciplines of the Learning Area we focus on the qualities of movement, emphasising African movements, rhythms and dances.

Warming up and skill-development

Warming up

  • Warming up should be done increasingly and faithfully. Its purpose is to safeguard the body against injuries, make it supple and keep it in shape and to develop technical skills. Combinations and sequences of movement should be included.
  • The learner should follow the educator’s guidance when a sequence of warming up exercises is introduced. Repetition of sequences and the correct placing of the body are always important in conditioning the body and to make it supple and develop skills.
  • You will get the opportunity to create your own combinations and sequences, which will include elements of design for choreography, e.g. fast, slow, light, flowing, jerky, high, low, quiet or peaceful.
  • Dance and warming up exercises executed faithfully and with purpose can also prepare and strengthen your body for your favourite sport.

Explore quality of movement

When it comes to the dynamics of energy we are concerned with the quality of movement. The quality of movement includes the following:

  • swinging – energy released with a pendulum quality which can be executed in different ways;
  • percussive – energy released in powerful, quick movements and stops, e.g. karate and boxing;
  • sustained movement is a continuous not-ending movement, e.g. a gliding eagle;
  • vibratory motion – a rapid, rhythmic release of body energy, e.g. the hovering of a bird’s wings;
  • gliding movement (suspension) – where the driving force behind a movement ceases for a brief moment, e.g. that sensation when, at the climax of a movement, the body stops momentarily; and
  • collapsible movement – a natural fall or entire collapse to and merging with the floor in relaxation.

Select a primary colour for each of the movement qualities and create your own combination by using any three movement qualities repetitively, such as a vibratory, pendulum and gliding motion. Choose a friend to work with, memorise each other’s movements and execute these movements together.

Reflection (Write in your diary or journal)

What movement quality can be compared to the African instrument made by you in the class?

How can colour be portrayed in movement?

Activity 1:

To explore relations through dance

[lo 3.1, 3.2]

Explore descriptive words through movement. Experiment with the following words by making sculptural shapes to give shape to the word. Experiment and try different shapes at various levels.

  • Select one of the words from the list and make a sculptural form to give shape to the word.
  • Choose three body shapes: one close to the floor, one high and one on medium level.

Descriptive words:

Rest Shade Thin Dark
Heavy Silence Big Flat
Hard strong Light Soft
Dainty angular round course
  • Repeat these shapes alternatively until the body can change fluently from one shape to the other.
  • Link the shapes with moving actions (locomotive) like a turn, a glide or a jump (e.g. a shape on a high level: a turn; a shape on a low level: a roll; a shape on a medium level: a jump). Repeat several times.
  • Choose three contrasting words and form three different shapes. Practise these shapes as described and link them with moving actions. Finally add all the body shapes together.
  • Practise these movements and refine them by adding dynamic actions (qualities of movement), while varying the speed to expose contrasts. Work with a partner and teach him/her your sequence of movements. Execute it together.

Use appropriate vocabulary to +describe and assess each other’s dances.

Activity 2:

To choose a simple traditional africa- or culture dance

[lo 3.1, 3.2]

Choose a simple traditional African dance or a dance true to the culture of the community. Ask somebody who knows the dance (a member of the community or someone in your class) to teach you how to do it. Practise and execute it.


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 3
PARTICIPATION AND COOPERATION The learner is able to display personal and social skills while participating in arts and culture activities as an individual and in a group.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
GENERALIn regard to 3.1 – 3.6 below:
  • cooperates with other group members during arts activities;
  • is able to make his or her own contribution within the group;
  • accepts fellow learners;
  • shares resources, choice of materials and negotiates choice of subject matter in group project with other learners, with focus on:
  • joint decision-making;
  • presentation;
  • safety;
  • the environment;
  • cultural diversity.
MUSIC (3.5)
  • sings and/or plays in a group – canons, rounds and two-part songs from at least three cultural traditions of South Africa;
  • extends and develops given snippets of dialogue with a partner, showing ability to “feed off” and respond to partner’s ideas;
  • assumes both leader and follower roles willingly in dramatic activities;
  • displays dance partner skills in dance sequences;
  • shares opinions with other learners about dances from various cultures in a supportive and constructive way.
  • extends and develops given snippets of dialogue with a partner, showing ability to “feed off” and respond to partner’s ideas;
  • assumes both leader and follower roles willingly in dramatic activities;
DRAMA (3.3, 3.4)
  • extends and develops given snippets of dialogue with a partner, showing ability to “feed off” and respond to partner’s ideas;
  • assumes both leader and follower roles willingly in dramatic activities;

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
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