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[LO 3.1]

2. A winner accepts responsibility

I know many mothers who are tired and run down after their children have finished their examinations. I also know fathers who burn the midnight oil in front of the computer to make sure that their sons' or daughters' projects get the highest marks in the class. Do you also know people like that?

Of course it is nice if someone else does your work for you. And it is very nice if someone else always rescues you from sticky situations- especially if you caused the situations! The problem is that such an overprotected person never learns to stand on

his or her own feet and becomes helpless if they are confronted with unfamiliar things or situations. Often parents find it difficult to decide when you are ready to accept certain responsibilities.

Naturally, one is entitled to support from the people who care for you. If you are unhappy or ill, friends and family should rally round and help you through the difficult time. But - no one should carry the baggage of someone else all the time. If you do not learn to accept responsibility for your actions and work when you are young, you will probably have a really tough time when you have a job or when you have to leave the house.

Every person has responsibilities - from brushing your own teeth, saying "thank you" and "please" when you are a little three year old - to the responsible spending of your pocket money at 13 years of age.


Answer the questions following and discuss the answers in class.

Remember, it is all right to have different opinions! Your circumstances, personalities differ ... and so do your parents...

How old must you be to accept responsibility for the following?

1. your personal hygiene

2. keeping your room neat and clean

3. your homework and study time

4. the results of your tests and exams

5. your behaviour at parties

6. lies you tell

7. sexual activities

8. the spending of your pocket money

9. part time work

10. passing information from and to school


1. Did the answers of the learners differ a lot? Say yes or no and give reasons.

2. Where were the biggest similarities and differences ? What did the class disagree or agree on?

3. Which factors could cause the differences of opinions?

4. Do you think you carry more or fewer responsibilities than your classmates? Give reasons for your answer.

[LO 3.1]

3. A winner has a positive self-concept

Your self-concept (how you see yourself and how you think others see you) often determine your successes or failures.

Your self-concept is often linked to specific situations, for example, the sport fields, the school, and your social life. If Bull is an outstanding athlete, but a poor scholar, he would feel positive towards sport and motivated to try his best. In school situations, however, Bull will have difficulty motivating himself or would rather not try than fail. The problem is, no matter what others try, Bull has to convince himself that he can do better at school before he will have more success.

Your self-concept determines how hard you are going to try and how you handle success and failures. Read the page "You are what you think..." again and take note of the importance of positive selfspeak once more. We have also looked briefly at the factors influencing your self-concept in the first part of the module – factors such as your family, friends, teachers, your environment, etc.

It is important to be aware of your strong and your weak spots in order to set realistic goals - and to work towards reaching those goals. There is a very true saying: "Nothing succeeds like success". Set your goals in such a way that you ensure success without getting lazy and complacent.

On your own!

(You do not have to share it if you do not want to)

1. My best characteristic is:

2. My weakest characteristic is:

3. What can I do to improve the weak spot?

I can:

4. A winner must be able to lose gracefully sometimes

Our society is an intensely competitive one, whether we like it or not. You will always find someone faster, stronger, cleverer, prettier or more charming than you. Therefore, you need to know how to lose or concede defeat in such a way that nobody loses respect for you in the process.

The positive thing about competition is that it can motivate you to do your very best. The negative side is that you could become so focused on winning that the activity and the joy you find in it, become secondary to winning.

For example, it is wonderful to be able to play a musical instrument really well. To be able to do it well, you have to practise. However, few of us are concert material and will lose our joy in playing the instrument if we have to practise for hours on end. It is the same with sport. If you play tennis, there will be times that you lose, even if you practise hard. It should not take away the joy of the game. A person should be realistic. If you do your best and you are having fun and enjoying it - what more can you ask for? Then you are a winner!

Two brief discussions!

Complete the table after discussing the behaviour of good losers and bad losers.

Good losers Bad losers
  • Are you a good loser or a bad loser?


Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 3
Personal development The learner will be able to use acquired life skills to achieve and extend personal potential to respond effectively to challenges in his or her world.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
3.1 analyses and discusses factors which influence self-concept formation and self-motivation;3.2 reflects on appropriate behaviour in different kinds of interpersonal relationships.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11048/1.1
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