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English home language

Grade 8

Valued values

Module 3

Techniques for public-speaking

Now we need to look at some popular wrong ideas before we look at some techniques which will help us:

Activity1:

[lo 4.4.1]

Now we need to look at some popular wrong ideas before we look at some techniques which will help us:

  • Which of the following are true or false? Tick the correct answer in your view.

Ideas about public-speaking which most people believe

TRUE

FALSE

All public speakers are extroverts (speak very easily and openly)

Shy people should not speak in public.

The ability to speak in public is an inherited talent.

Experienced speakers are not nervous.

An audience is not interested in what a speaker has to say.

Adults are more confident speakers than youngsters.

Only well-educated people make good public speakers.

Good speakers do not have to prepare a speech.

If you make a mistake, never speak in public again!

Men make better speakers than women.

Speeches must be made without notes.

Audiences are usually hostile and critical.

If I take every opportunity to speak, I will not improve.

  • MY ABILITY AS A PUBLIC OR PRIVATE SPEAKER; what I need to learn:

Activity 2:

[lo 1.5]

Let us see why EVERY speaker has the ability to speak well:

  • Label the following diagram neatly:

Include ‘lips’, ‘tongue’, ‘palate’, ‘teeth’, ‘vocal chords’, ‘pharynx’, ‘larynx’, ‘lungs’.

Ask your Biology educator to help you if you get stuck.

  • These features help to make sound. So sound can be produced well by most people.

ACTIVITY 3:

Now, let us test each: Have some FUN WITH SOUNDS

  • Use of your lips:

Say the sound ‘b’ / ‘p’ / ‘f’ / ‘m’ / ‘v’ / ‘w’ loudly.

Say the vowel sounds clearly and see how your lip shape changes: aa / ě / i (ee)/ ǒ/ u

  • Use of your teeth.

Say ‘s’ / ‘z’ / ‘x’

  • Use of your palate:

Say ‘d’ / ‘j’ / ‘l’ / ‘n’ / ‘r’ / ‘t’ /

  • Back of the throat:

Say ‘c’ / ‘q’ / ‘g’ / ‘h’ / ‘k’ /

  • Now, put your hand on your larynx (vocal chords) and say the following clearly:
With air only With the vocal chords, the air becomes sound!
p b
t d
f v
s z
h
  • Now, say the following using just the vowel sounds

Susie Saucy showed the sea-shells to the sailor who said she should show them to the

u ie aw i owe e ee e oo e ai o oo e ee oo owe e oo e

shop-keepers selling sea souvenirs around town.

o ee e e ee oo e er a ow ow

What you are doing here is exercising your muscles and using your mouth and lips so that sounds come out correctly.

Perhaps it is a good idea to consider the whole question of speech now.

Activity 4:

  • Have a class discussion about speech in general

Let your educator help you here.

Activity 5:

[lo 2.6]

  • Now listen to your educator when s/he discusses ORATORY MANNERS

CLEAR SPEAKING

Open your mouth. Project the sounds you make. Use your lungs, palate, lips, tongue, teeth fully.

POSTURE

Stand one foot slightly in front of the other; arms relaxed at the side; head up, shoulders down.

TONE AUDIBILITY

Do not speak too softly or too loudly. A tone VARIETY is always interesting.

GOOD USE OF GESTURES

Only use gestures if they contribute to the point you are making. Rehearse them to be ‘natural’.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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