# 1.2 Machine learning lecture 3  (Page 10/14)

Okay. Any questions? Yeah?

Student: You are, I think here you try to measure the likelihood of your nice of theta by a fraction of error, but I think it’s that you measure because it depends on the family of theta too, for example. If you have a lot of parameters [inaudible] or fitting in?

Instructor (Andrew Ng) :Yeah, yeah. I mean, you’re asking about overfitting, whether this is a good model. I think let’s – the thing’s you’re mentioning are maybe deeper questions about learning algorithms that we’ll just come back to later, so don’t really want to get into that right now. Any more questions? Okay.

So this endows linear regression with a probabilistic interpretation. I’m actually going to use this probabil – use this, sort of, probabilistic interpretation in order to derive our next learning algorithm, which will be our first classification algorithm. Okay? So you’ll recall that I said that regression problems are where the variable Y that you’re trying to predict is continuous values. Now I’m actually gonna talk about our first classification problem, where the value Y you’re trying to predict will be discreet value. You can take on only a small number of discrete values and in this case I’ll talk about binding classification where Y takes on only two values, right? So you come up with classification problems if you’re trying to do, say, a medical diagnosis and try to decide based on some features that the patient has a disease or does not have a disease. Or if in the housing example, maybe you’re trying to decide will this house sell in the next six months or not and the answer is either yes or no. It’ll either be sold in the next six months or it won’t be. Other standing examples, if you want to build a spam filter. Is this e-mail spam or not? It’s yes or no. Or if you, you know, some of my colleagues sit in whether predicting whether a computer system will crash. So you have a learning algorithm to predict will this computing cluster crash over the next 24 hours? And, again, it’s a yes or no answer.

So there’s X, there’s Y. And in a classification problem Y takes on two values, zero and one. That’s it in binding the classification. So what can you do? Well, one thing you could do is take linear regression, as we’ve described it so far, and apply it to this problem, right? So you, you know, given this data set you can fit a straight line to it. Maybe you get that straight line, right? But this data set I’ve drawn, right? This is an amazingly easy classification problem. It’s pretty obvious to all of us that, right? The relationship between X and Y is – well, you just look at a value around here and it’s the right is one, it’s the left and Y is zero. So you apply linear regressions to this data set and you get a reasonable fit and you can then maybe take your linear regression hypothesis to this straight line and threshold it at 0.5. If you do that you’ll certainly get the right answer. You predict that if X is to the right of, sort of, the mid-point here then Y is one and then next to the left of that mid-point then Y is zero.

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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