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Life orientation

Grade 6

Healthy lifestyle

Module 3

Hiv and aids: a contagious disease. how can it be prevented or handled?

In South Africa more than 3 million people are currently HIV positive. This disease affects men, women and children of all ages, occupations and population groups in all the provinces of our country. If the current rate of infection does not decrease, one in every four people in the country will be HIV positive by the year 2010. Within 10 years the disease will result in three-quarters of a million South African children being orphans.

How can you prevent contracting the disease?

You have already learned the following in Grade 5:

  1. Regard the problem in a serious light and make sure that you know how the disease is spread.
  2. Make use of every possible opportunity to gain more knowledge of the disease.
  3. Sex must be safe, but should be delayed for as long as possible anyway.
  4. Never touch blood. If someone is injured and bleeding, rather call an adult. If there is a possibility of your touching the blood, pull a plastic bag without any holes over your hands. It is even better to wear rubber gloves.
  5. Never use old syringes or needles in any way.
  6. If you want to have your ears pierced or have a tattoo on your body, make sure that you have it done in a clean, reputable place where the needles are sterilised.

9. It is better to avoid alcohol or drugs completely, as they could prevent you from being able to protect yourself against being infected with the virus.

Activity 1:

To discuss strategies on how to handle a disease

[lo 1.3]

The following is a list of ways in which one can handle a serious disease so that the sick person, as well as the people around him/her who are also affected by the situation, can continue with their lives in the most positive manner possible.

Each group must choose at least two of these strategies, discuss them and make new recommendations on how to handle the disease.

  • Gain information about the disease.
  • Always remain hopeful.
  • Ask relatives to help.
  • Pray for the person.
  • Go to a clinic or hospital for help.
  • Keep all eating utensils clean.
  • Prepare special food for the affected person.
  • Contact the local hospice.
  • Be mindful of symptoms that might indicate that you have possibly contracted the disease.

Activity 2:

To plan and enact short playlets

[lo 1.3]

Plan and enact short playlets or scenes where you depict the following characters:

1. A seriously ill person

2. A doctor

3. The mother or father of the ill person

4. The sister or brother of the ill person

5. The child of the ill person

6. A spiritual person, e.g. a minister or priest

REMEMBER: Decide what disease the patient is suffering from. For the purpose of this role-play you must choose a life-threatening disease. Afterwards you must discuss the contribution made by each character in this situation.


Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
HEALTH PROMOTION The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.
Assessment standards (ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 interprets food labels and critically discusses health effects of listed ingredients;
1.2 participates in a problem-solving activity to address an environmental health issue to formulate environmentally sound choices and/or actions;
1.3 explains causes of communicable diseases (including HIV/AIDS) and available cures, and evaluates prevention strategies, in relation to community norms and personal values;
1.4 identifies different forms of abuse and suggests strategies to deal with them.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11003/1.1
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