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‘n Leerprogram vir Graad R

Module 2






Hierdie program se aktiwiteite is ontwerp in ooreenstemming met die vereistes van uitkomsgebaseerde onderwys. Dit voorsien dus aan leerders geleenthede om hulle volle potensiaal te ontwikkel sodat hulle aktiewe, verantwoordelike, vervulde burgers kan word in ‘n demokratiese, nie-rassistiese en gelyke gemeenskap. Graad R vorm die brug tussen die leerder se voorskoolse ervarings en die formele skoolstelsel. Graad R-opvoeders benut leeruitkomste en die gepaardgaande assesseringstandaarde om in hulle leerders se besondere behoeftes te voorsien. Aan die hand daarvan beplan hulle dan leergeleenthede en –aktiwiteite waardeur die leerders hierdie uitkomste bereik.

Die aktiwiteite in hierdie program is

  • algemene aktiwiteite wat gerig is op die stimulasie van die basiese komponente van ontwikkeling; dit is die voorvereistes vir dink en leer;
  • spesifieke aktiwiteite wat toegepas word op die onderskeie leerareas (Geletterdheid, Wiskunde, Lewensvaardighede).

Die program is verdeel in vyf modules . Die tempo waarteen die leerders die eerste vier modules voltooi, word deur die opvoeder bepaal. Die vyfde module is ‘n verrykingsmodule wat na goeddunke deur die opvoeder benut kan word, maar is nie geskik vir alle leerders nie. Elke module sluit alle areas van ontwikkeling in en toon ‘n toenemende moeilikheidsgraad (dus, van maklik na moeilik).

Op elke werkblad word die leerarea in die blokkie linksbo aangedui, terwyl die voorvereistes vir dink en leer in die regterkantse blokkie aangedui word. Onderaan die werksblad is spesifieke vrae vir oorbrugging en assessering.


Die assesseringstandaarde wat betrekking het op die leerinhoud van elke module, word saam met die betrokke leeruitkomste in die moduleraamwerk van elke module aangedui, asook aan die begin van elke leereenheid. Sodoende kan nie net die opvoeder nie, maar ook die leerder en sy / haar ouerskennis neem volgens watter standaarde die leerder deurlopend geassesseer word. Elke aktiwiteit en opdrag in ‘n leereenheid kan geassesseer word. Die gemiddelde punt van die aktiwiteite wat betrekking het op elke leeruitkomste, word dan aangedui in die assesseringsruit wat die leerder se bekwaamheidsprofiel aandui aan die einde van elke leereenheid.

Assessering word volgens ‘n 4-puntskaal gedoen , naamlik

1: voldoen nie aan die vereistes nie;

2: voldoen gedeeltelik aan die vereistes;

3: voldoen aan die vereistes;

4: oorskry die vereistes.

Bo-aan elke werkblad is ‘n assesseringsblokkie wat die leerarea aandui, asook die leeruitkomste (sien voorbeeld bo-aan die volgende bladsy). Dit beteken dat die aktiwiteit na aanleiding van die betrokke leeruitkoms geassesseer moet word. Die opvoeder assesseer die leerder se respons en merk dit op die 4-puntskaal af.


Gesyferdheid: LU 1

Aan die einde van elke module is ‘n assesseringsblad waarop ‘n assesseringsruit vir elk van die 3 leerareas verskyn, naamlik Geletterdheid, Wiskunde en Lewensvaardighede. Die opvoeder neem die resultate in die voorafgaande assesseringsblokkies in ag en poog dus om die leerder se gemiddelde prestasie oor die langer tydperk aan te dui op die assesseringsruit. Op hierdie wyse word verseker dat die opvoeder se assessering verantwoordbaar is.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Graad r 'n leerprogram. OpenStax CNX. Oct 28, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11134/1.1
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