<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
Lesson plans for four activities that introduce students of any age to the musical concepts of consonance and dissonance, and encourage them to relate these concepts to other disciplines.

Introduction

Below are lesson plans for four activities that are designed to allow students to explore the concepts of consonance and dissonance in music. Activity 1 and Activity 2 introduce the concepts and allow the students to practice listening for and naming consonance and dissonance. Activity 3 allows students who are proficient on a musical instrument to use this knowledge to improvise harmonies which are deliberately consonant or dissonant. Activity 4 helps the students draw comparisons to similar concepts in other disciplines.

Consonance and dissonance are musical terms that have specific, slightly technical meanings, but the basic idea is one that can be grasped even by young children: Musical notes that sound good together are called consonant ; notes that seem to clash, or sound unpleasant together, are called dissonant . (If you would like to find out more, please see Consonance and Dissonance .)

Notes that are not in tune with each other are dissonant, of course, but even two notes that are tuned correctly may not sound good when they are played at the same time. Consonance depends partly on the physics of sound (see Harmonic Series and Tuning Systems for more information). But it also depends partly on the musical traditions of a particular culture (the technical meanings of the words come from the Western music tradition), and partly just on personal tastes.

Activity 1: finding consonant and dissonant notes

    Goals and standards

  • Goals - The student will practice identifying two simultaneous pitches as either "consonant" or "dissonant".
  • Objectives - After an introduction to the concepts, the students will play, or listen to, two simultaneous pitches, and will vote on which sound consonant and which dissonant.
  • Music Standards Addressed - National Standards for Music Education standard 6 (listening to, analyzing, and describing music).
  • Grade Level - K-12 (adaptable)
  • Student Prerequisites - none
  • Teacher Expertise - Teacher expertise in music is not necessary to present this activity at its most basic level. To lead more advanced students in a more involved discussion of consonance, dissonance, intervals , and resolution , the teacher must be familiar with Western music theory.
  • Time Requirements - This activity is very flexible, time-wise. It can be easily combined with activities 2 and 4 to fill a single (approximately 45-minute) class period.
  • Evaluation - Assess student learning by evaluating participation in the class discussion and "voting", or by orally quizzing each student on whether a note combination is consonant or dissonant.
  • Follow-up - Help commit this lesson to long-term memory, by continuing to ask, throughout the rest of the school year, questions about the consonance or dissonance of music that they are listening to or learning.

    Materials and preparation

  • You'll need an instrument to play on. The ideal instrument for this activity is one that the students are allowed to play, that makes specific pitched notes (preferably with little need to tune) for the children to experiment with, and on whcih you can see visually how "far apart" two notes are (i.e. how many other notes are in between them). A piano or electronic keyboard are ideal. Other possibilities: recorders, classrooms xylophones, metallophones, or bells. If the students cannot play, arrange a demonstration in which they can easily see how "far apart" the notes are (their interval ).
  • Prepare a simple, age-appropriate explanation of consonance and dissonance . You may want to be ready with some examples; play with the instrument ahead of time to find some combinations that you find clearly consonant or clearly dissonant.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Noisy learning: loud but fun music education activities. OpenStax CNX. May 17, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10222/1.7
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Noisy learning: loud but fun music education activities' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask