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1.1 xi
1.2 xv
1.3 watches
2.
2.1 XLII
2.2 XCIX
2.3 MMDL
3.
3.1 608
3.2 65
3.3 3 257
4. Will differ from year to year
1. Move “minus” to just before “x” so that sum reads 1 x 1 = 1
2. Take one away from = and add to – so that sum reads 1 = 111 – 11
Leaner Section
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1.2 How would they have written 15?
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1.3 Where are these Roman numerals still used nowadays?
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We: | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 | 100 |
The Romans: | X | XX | XXX | XL | L | LX | LXX | LXXX | XC | C |
We: | 100 | 200 | 300 | 400 | 500 | 600 | 700 | 800 | 900 | 1 000 |
The Romans: | C | CC | CCC | CD | D | DC | DCC | DCCC | CM | M |
2. Use the information given above and calculate the following.
Write your answers in Roman numerals:
2.2 90 + 9 ________________________________________________________
2.3 2 000 + 500 + 50 _______________________________________________
3. You have just practised writing like the Romans. Below are more examples of how they would write certain numbers. Can you write them in ordinary (our) numbers?
3.1 DCVIII ________________________________________________________
3.2 LXV ________________________________________________________
3.3 MMMCCLVII __________________________________________________
4. Write our present date in Roman numerals.
BRAIN TEASER
The matches below have been set out in Roman numerals, but the answers are incorrect. Can you “fix” each sum, so that the answer is correct, by moving only ONE match?
TIME FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT
Evaluate yourself on a scale of 1 - 4 by just drawing a circle around the figure that is true about yourself.
I can | Not at all | Some-times | Most of the time | Always |
Use the constant function of my pocket calculator for repeated addition | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
Write down Roman numerals for our numbers | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
Add and give the answer in Roman numerals | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
Write Roman numerals in ordinary numbers | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
However, the Roman counting system gets very complicated. The decimal system (OR METRIC SYSTEM) that we use is more practical. Let us consider the different ways in which we can add.
DO YOU REMEMBER?
DID YOU KNOW?
The order in which numbers are added makes no difference to the answer.
For example: | 5 + 4 = 4 + 5 |
9 = 9 |
As well as: | (16 + 14) + 12 = 16 + (14 + 12) |
30 + 12 = 16 + 26 | |
42 = 42 |
Learning Outcome 1: The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.
Assessment Standard 1.2: We know this when the learner describes and illustrates various ways of writing numbers in different cultures (including local) throughout history.
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