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It is essential to have an initial discussion on the changing of the seasons. Some learners may find it very stimulating to discover what causes seasons and why there are different seasons in the year.

Learners must complete the pictures by adding their own drawings to illustrate the typical seasonal qualities, e.g.:

Spring: flowers and blossoms; 2. Summer: anything to do with the seaside or the swimming pool; 3. Autumn: leaves in autumn colours on trees and the ground; 4. Winter: snow on the mountains or rain (where applicable), and leafless trees. Discuss it with the learners.

Learners are now expected to know the names of the seasons in the correct order, and to write them down. A “year and seasons clock” can be put up in the classroom, which can help the learners to master writing the names.

Explain the origin of the extra day every 4 years to the learners. Some of the learners may understand it at this stage, but it cannot be expected of them at all.

This work sheet may elicit a discussion on the Olympic games.

It is important that the learners must understand that if 1 is added to the 9 units of 99, there is another group of ten. There are now 10 groups of ten altogether, which are grouped together to make 1 group of a hundred.

Likewise, they must understand that if they want to take away units from a hundred, they first have to dissolve the group of one hundred, and then dissolve 1 group of ten, before they will have units to take away.

The 0 as place-keeper might cause problems for some learners, Therefore it is essential that the learners must use counters that are grouped in hundreds, tens and units (or the copied blocks), as well as the flared cards, when this work is being done. If necessary, provide similar activities.

If the learners find it difficult to master place values, lay out the numbers with the flared cards.

On the next page there is an example of the multiples chart. It can be utilised very effectively, therefore it is suggested that each learner is given a copy.

This example has been done further than the one on the work sheet, but it can be used for the whole year. Besides, there are learners who are able and keen to count in 6,7,8 and 9.

Show the learners how to find the answers to the tables, x and + from the chart.

Example: 2 x 4 = 8 Go right from 2 and above from 4 downwards – meet at 8 (see arrows)

15 ÷ 3 = 5 Go left from 15 to 3 and up from 15 - 5 th multiple

Multiples: Count up to the 10 th multiple and back.

At this stage the learners must know that 100c = R1. The learners now have a good concept of 100 and will realise that 120c equal R1 plus 20c, thus they can now learn to write it correctly, namely 120c = R1,20. Master it up to 199c = R1,99.

Once they have mastered it, do the reverse: R1,20 = 120c up to R1,99 = 199c.

It is imperative that the learners understand the completion and solution of a ten completely. This is an investment for the future. The more concrete work that is done here, the better the learners’ understanding of these concepts. They must be able to relate what they are doing. If they cannot say how they arrived at an answer, it means that the concrete image has not been properly consolidated. Give them many and regular exercises of this kind.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 3. OpenStax CNX. Oct 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11128/1.1
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