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Economic and management sciences

Grade 6

The economic cycle

Module 2

Work / income

A family is a group of people of which you are a member. All families do not have the same composition. Some consist of a father and mother with children, while others have only a father or a mother with children. However, the composition does not matter, as everybody works together to meet the others’ needs. Your parents usually generate the income to pay for all the services and products required by the family.

Inside the family is also an economic system. While Dad, and sometimes Mom too, are the main providers of the family’s income, children often receive an amount of pocket money from their parents that they have to manage in a judicious and responsible manner. The pocket money is sometimes supplemented with other amounts that are received on birthdays. This often encourages children to open a savings account at the bank. In this way many children become part of the economic cycle at an early age.

The members of a family try to maintain the highest possible standard of living. They work in order to generate an income that will meet their basic needs. The more a household earns, the higher their standard of living will be.

People work in exchange for money. This is known as an income. The money is then used to obtain the goods and services required to survive. The more money you earn, the bigger your contribution to the economic cycle of the country will be, and the better everybody’s quality of life will be.


However, everybody does not have a job, and such people are called unemployed.


Discuss in your groups the issues with regard to unemployment and make a poster to present your views.

  • Do you know anyone who is unemployed?
  • How is that person’s standard of living and state of mind affected by the fact that he/she is unemployed?
  • Does he/she want to work?
  • Is unemployment a problem in our country?
  • What do you think are the main causes of unemployment in SA?
  • What does the government (locally and nationally) do about the problem?
  • What other suggestions can you make to resolve this problem?

[LO 2.3]

How do you decide what career to pursue? Sometimes a boy or a girl follows in their parents’ footsteps. At other times children select careers that differ from those that their parents had in mind for them. One of the most important requirements when choosing a career is that you must enjoy what you are doing – particularly if you are the breadwinner, because then you have to continue your career for a big part of your life while your family depends on you.

Every person has specific interests and preferences and you must try to reconcile these interests with your choice of a career. That is a winning recipe for job satisfaction!

CASE STUDY: Meet Jonathan de Wee
Klaas de Wee Jonathan de Wee
Meet Jonathan de Wee. He is 24 years old and grew up near Cape Town. He passed Grade 10 at the Excelsior High School in Belhar.Jonathan grew up in a family where his father and cousin were builders, and from an early age he spent weekends and holidays on the building sites. His father, Klaas de Wee, is a well-known builder, and his cousin, Gert Whites, learnt from Klaas how to build. Jonathan loves the outdoors and decided early on in his life that an academic career did not interest him a lot. His father tried to teach him as many building skills as possible and tried to provide him with as much knowledge of the building industry as possible, and at the end of Grade 10 Jonathan decided to exchange his schoolbooks for cement, bricks and a trowel.He is doing very well in his job and is already attempting large projects on his own. His father is close to retirement and Jonathan will soon take over the business from him.


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
THE ECONOMIC CYCLEThe learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the economic cycle within the context of the economic problem.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 describes the roles of households, businesses and government in the economic cycle;
1.4 explains different types of taxes and how they influence consumers and businesses.
LO 2
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of sustainable growth, reconstruction and development, and to reflect on related processes.
We know this when the learner:
2.3 identifies steps that can be taken by the government to redress historic imbalances and poverty (e.g. redistribution of resources, gender equity, capacity building, restoring people’s dignity, creating opportunity and empowerment).

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11013/1.1
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