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Се дава поим за множество, негово означување и видови множества

Множества

Поимот за множество е основен поим во математиката и тој стриктно не се дефинира со прецизна дефиниција.

Под поимот множество се подразбира збир или колекција на објекти кои најчесто имаат некое заедничко својство. Членовите на множеството се нарекуваат елементи .

За означување на множествата се користат големите букви од латиницата, како на пр. множества A, B, …, X. Елементите на множеставата се означуваат со малите букви од латиницата како на пример: a , b , c , . . . , x size 12{a,b,c, "." "." "." ,x} {} . Множеството може да се претстави табеларно со наведување на своите елементи во голема заграда, на пр.

A = { a , b , c } size 12{ lbrace a,b,c rbrace } {}

или описно, со наведување на својството што го поседуваат елементите на множеството како на пр.

X={x|x е студент на ТМФ},

B={z|z е парен природен број}.

Ако множеството има конечен број на елементи тоа се нарекува конечно множество , а во спротивно се нарекува бесконечно .

Припадностa на елементoт a size 12{a} {} на множество А се означува со a A size 12{a in A} {} , додека неприпадноста на множеството B се означува со a B size 12{a notin B} {} .

По дефиниција, множеството кое не содржи ниту еден елемент се нарекува празно множество .

Во математиката се користат симболи кои искажуваат одредени зборови кои одредуваат “количина” или “колку се” елементи од некое множество. Тие симболи се нарекуваат квантификатори и такви се:

size 12{ forall } {} - кој го заменува зборот “за секое” или “произволно”,

size 12{ exists } {} - кој го заменува зборот “постои”или “постои некое”.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Математика 1. OpenStax CNX. Nov 17, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11377/1.12
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