# 1.1 Important physical features of a map

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## Important physical features on a map

ACTIVITY 1:

TO IDENTIFY IMPORTANT PHYSICAL FEATURES ON A MAP

[LO 2.1]

Study the map of the Cape Peninsula area below and then answer the questions that follow .

Provide a symbol key for this map below the map.

The Cape Peninsula Area

Du ToitskloofDiep River

• Write down the names of two rivers.
• What island is found off Cape Town?
• For what was the island particularly known?
• In what mountain range is the Steenbras Dam located?
• Colour the rivers, dams and the sea blue.
• In what direction does a passenger travelling from Cape Town to Fish Hoek by train, move?
• How many possible routes are there for a motorist who wants to travel from Stellenbosch to Paarl?
• What is the southern most point on the map?
• In what direction does Kleinmond lie from Bellville?

If you live in another region, your teacher will give you a map of that region. Similar questions will then be asked about your own region.

• Until now we have worked with a few very simple sketch maps. It is not difficult to draw such maps, because they are of a small, well-known area. If a map of a large area has to be drawn, it becomes difficult.
• The most valuable book and aid that you MUST have for Geography is an ATLAS. According to the dictionary an atlas is a collection of geographical maps in the form of a book.

ACTIVITY 2:

TO IDENTIFY IMPORTANT PHYSICAL FEATURES ON A MAP

[LO 2.1]

Your teacher will now hand out atlases and ask you to open them at the page with a map of the RSA. Using all your knowledge, answer the following questions and complete the accompanying map of the RSA:

• How many provinces are there in the RSA?
• Find the province in which you live and draw the borders in red.
• Use the correct map symbols to indicate the capital city of your province on your map. Write the name of the capital on your map.
• Can the GAUTENG province have a port?

• Give the names of two provinces that do not lie along the coast.

and

• Write the names of the most important ports in the RSA on your map.
• Colour the sea blue.
• Write the names of the two oceans along the RSA coast on your map.
• Find the Gariep (formerly known as the Orange River) on your atlas map and answer the following questions:

- Where does the Gariep originate?

- In what direction does the Gariep flow?

- In what ocean does the Gariep discharge?

- Name the two most important branches of the Gariep.

and

- With what neighbouring countries does the Gariep River form a border?

and

• Draw the following rivers in blue on your map:

Limpopo; Fish; Tugela.

## Assessment

LO 2

GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

We know this when the learner:

2.1 identifies and describes major physical features of South Africa, including those of the home province [people and places];

2.2 identifies links between natural resources and economic activities in South Africa [people and resources];

2.3 describes ways in which the physical environment influences human activity and how human activity is influenced by the physical environment [people and the environment].

## Memorandum

ACTIVITY 1

• Diep River, Eerste River
• Robben Island
• Jail
• Hottentots-Holland Mountains
• S
• 2 (shorter routes)
• Hangklip
• SE

ACTIVITY 2

• 9
• N
• No coastline
• Free State and Gauteng
• Drakensberg Mountains
• W
• Atlantic
• Vaal and Modder
• Lesotho and Namibia

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