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Table in mathematical display plays the role placing elements / expressions in different position on two dimensional matrix.

Table element is applied for variety of rendering requirements, in addition to its primary use for drawing a table. The applications of table frame work include displaying two dimensional mathematical content like arrays and matrix, creation of labeled equations and enabling display of content in multiple rows equivalent to line break.

Consider the task to write two rows of equations on two consecutive lines :

3x + y = 6

2x – y = 5

How would we force two lines to be displayed in a single MathML constructor? We may probably display the lines as separate rows of a table without a frame and lines. In this sense, table frame work provides a facility, which is equivalent to forcing a new line.

Similarly, we may be required to number important equations so that the same can be referenced subsequently like :

3x + y = 6 …….. 1.1

In this context, the label attribute available for “mlabeledtr” element allows us to number the equation as above. A matrix, on the other hand, is implemented by a table construct without border and enclosed parentheses :

( x y z 1 2 3 )

The MathML employs six elements to render all sorts of table. However, there is a serious mis-match between specifications of some of these elements and implementation of the same by browsers. For this reason, we shall concentrate on three table forming elements namely "mtable", "mtr" and "mtd" elements, which together form the basic constructors for creating tables (only references to other elements has been given for other three elements).

    Table elements

  • mtable : creats table
  • mlabeledtr : creats a labelled row
  • mtr : creates a row
  • mtd : creats a column
  • maligngroup : Grouping element
  • malignmark : creats alignment markings

“mtable” element

Specific attributes :   align rowalign columnalign groupalign alignmentscope columnwidth Specific attributes :   width rowspacing columnspacing rowlines columnlines frame Specific attributes :   framespacing equalrows equalcolumns displaystyle side minlabelspacing

The ‘mtable” element represents a table of rows and columns. It accepts only “mtr” or “mlabeldtr” elements as its child. Both of these define a single row in the table. The only difference between the two row elements is that “mlabeldtr” can be used to label the particular row defined by it. The “mtr” element represents a simple row. Each of these row forming elements takes child elements to define the columns.

The “mtable” element requires that all rows have same numbers of columns. If the columns in any row mismatches, then that row is padded with empty column(s). For example, when one column definition in the first row involving “y” is removed, then tables is rendered as shown below :

Table short of one column

<m:math display="block"> <m:mtable frame="solid" columnlines="solid" rowlines="solid"> <m:mtr> <m:mtd> <m:mi>x</m:mi> </m:mtd> <m:mtd> <m:mi>z</m:mi> </m:mtd> </m:mtr> <m:mtr> <m:mtd> <m:mn>1</m:mn> </m:mtd> <m:mtd> <m:mn>2</m:mn> </m:mtd> <m:mtd> <m:mn>3</m:mn> </m:mtd> </m:mtr> </m:mtable> </m:math>

Save the file after editing as “test.xml”. The display looks like :

x z 1 2 3

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A primer in mathml. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10345/1.16
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