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What responsibilities do university administrators, faculty, staff, and students have in regards to copyright? What copyright laws apply specifically to universities? This chapter provides an overview of copyright law in the university setting.

Chapter 9: Universities

Dr. Mendez and her graduate student spent most of a summer putting together the best-ever analysis of science fiction in the 1960s. They are planning to publish it in an academic journal, but the journal insisted on copyright clearance for some of the longer quotes. The writers would also like to post it on Dr. Mendez’s web site. Who owns the copyright of this article? Who can determine whether a quote needs copyright clearance? Who can determine whether or not to post it?

By the end of this chapter, you should be able to answer:

I. What are the copyright responsibilities of an educational institution?

II. What copyright rights and responsibilities do faculty have?

III. What copyright rights and responsibilities do students have?

IV. Why are Electronic Theses&Dissertations (ETDs) becoming popular?

  1. What are the responsibilities of an educational institution?

Many creative activities take place on a college or university campus, and many of the creations made on a campus are protected by copyright. Furthermore, the people teaching and learning on a campus use copyrighted materials in their studies every day. The ideal university environment is one in which copyright is understood and respected.

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 requires all campuses that act as ISPs (Internet Service Providers) to educate all campus members (students, staff, and faculty) about copyright. If they do so (and also list a copyright infringement contact agent at the Copyright Office), they may claim some immunity from infringement accusations. (U.S. Government 1998) This obligation was further strengthened by the HEOA (Higher Education Opportunity Act) in 2008. In order for an institution or its students to be eligible for Federal aid, the school must do four things every year: Inform all students that the “unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials” is against the law; provide a summary of penalties for violating Federal copyright laws; provide a summary of the institution’s policies for dealing with copyright infringement; and provide the students with a list of legal alternatives to file-sharing for acquiring music. (U.S. Government 2008)

While every university’s copyright policy will be written to meet their needs, some common topics are: how to assign copyright to materials created on campus; how instructors should use materials not belonging to them; and policies to guide the licensing of digital materials. Needless to say, a university copyright policy will need updating as new media and creations are developed.

Materials created on campus belong, in most instances, to their creator. A faculty member is an employee of the university and his or her works could be considered “Works Made For Hire.” Most universities, however, officially grant faculty full copyright in the articles, fiction, artwork, and scientific research they may publish. The faculty member’s class outlines, notes, and syllabi also belong to them. The granting of copyright to the faculty member is a tradition in higher education, and is not based on any part of copyright law. (Crews 2006, 15)

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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