<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

People can alter the goals they have, however there is going to be an incredibly complex set of unconsciousgoals that one is not aware of. These goals create multiple motivations as well as multiple concerns.Also, doing well at approaching an incentive is not quite the same experience as doing well at avoiding athreat. If you think about it, your emotions are going to be different if you achieve something you arestriving for then if you are threatened and respond because you are under pressure. It makes sense thatapproach is going to have such positive affects as elation, eagerness and excitement, and such negativeaffects as frusturation, anger and sadness. (Carver, 2004 Carver, C. S. (2004). Negative affects deriving from the behavioralapproach system. Emotion, 4, 3-22. ; Carver + Harmon-Jones, 2009 Carver, C. S., + Harmon-Jones, E. (2009). Anger is an approach-relatedaffect: Evidence and implications. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 183-204. ). Avoidance involves such positive affects as relief andcontentment (when someone avoids a threat, they are relieved and content) and such negative affects asfear, guilt and anxiety.

Goals can be changed by how motivated someone is to have that goal. Some goals can be brought intoconscious awareness at various times for various reasons. Simon (1967) Simon, H. A. (1967). Motivational and emotional controls ofcognition. Psychology Review, 74, 29-39. reasoned that emotions are calls for reprioritization: that emotionregarding a goal that is out of awareness eventually induces people to give that goal a higher priority.The stronger the emotion, the stronger the claim for higher priority. Affect pulls the out-of-awarenessinto awareness.

Simon's analysis applies readily to negative feelings, such as anxiety and frustration. If you promised yourspouse you would go to the post office today and you've been too busy, the creeping of the clock towardclosing time can cause an increase in frustration or anxiety (or both). The stronger the affect, the morelikely the goal it concerns will rise in priority until it comes into awareness and becomes thereference for behavior.

Therefore, it makes sense that the main goal you have and you know you have can reliquish its place. You areconstantly shifting the goals you have, you simply might not be aware that you are doing this. If youthink about it, people unconsciously might create many goals that they don't think about because they don'tunderstand that they are motivated to do those things. They simply don't know that they are trying to reachcertain objectives clearly. Take for instance sexual goals - people probably do many things to enhancesexual feelings without being aware that that is the motivation behind other goals they are consciouslystriving to achieve.

Emotionally people have many desires - all of these emotions are going to create and alter the variousgoals that people have (conscious and unconscious). If you think about that further, on a moment-by-momentbasis your emotions are going to be altered continuously by various goals - your emotions aregoing to be creating goals, objectives and whatnot. For instance, even with simple activities you may havean emotional goal that you aren't aware of. Say you are opening a door - maybe a previous event caused youto slow down when opening the door and going into the next area because your motivation was decreased so youweren't as excited about moving onto the next activity in your life.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help' conversation and receive update notifications?