<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

People also make casual attributions about the results of their evaluations - such as whether poorperformance is due to one's limited ability or to insufficient effort.Self-satisfaction involves perceptions of satisfaction or dissatisfaction and associated affect regardingone's performance, which is important because people pursue courses of action that result in satisfactionand positive affect, and avoid those courses that produce dissatisfaction and negative affect, such asanxiety.

Adaptive or defensive inferences are conclusions about how one needs to alter his or her self-regulatoryapproach during subsequent efforts to learn or perform. Adaptive inferences are important becausethey direct people to new and potentially better forms of performance self-regulation, such as by shiftingthe goals hierarchically or choosing a more effective strategy (Zimmerman + Martinez-Pons, 1992) Barry J. Zimmerman, and Manuel Martinez-Pons. (1992). Perceptions of efficacy and strategy use in the self-regulation of learning. In D. H. Schunk + J. L. Meece (Eds.) Student Perceptions in the Classroom: Causes and Consequences (pp. 185-207). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum. In contrast, defensive inferences serve primarily toprotect the person from future dissatisfaction and aversive affect, but unfortunately they also underminesuccessful adaptation. These defensive self-reactions include helplessness, procrastination, task avoidance,cognitive disengagement, and apathy. Garcia and Pintrich (1994) Garcia, T. + Pintrich, P.R. (1994). Regulating motivation and cognition in the classroom: the role of self-schemas and self-regulatory strategies. In D.H. Schunk and B.J. Zimmerman(Eds.), Self-Regulation on Learning and Performance: Issues and Applications (pp.132-157), NJ, Hillsdale, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. have referred to such defensive reactions as self-handicapping strategies, because,despite their intended protectiveness, they ultimately limit personal growth.

An introduction

I said in the beginning of this chapter that "Self- regulation is the conscious and nonconscious processesby which people regulate their thoughts, emotions,attention, behavior, and impulses. People generate thoughts, feelings and actions and adapt those to theattainment of personal goals." But what is meant by terms such as self-regulation, self-control, self-awareness, and self-monitoring? The difficult thing to figure out I would think would be how much of self-regulation or what is going on mentally is conscious or not conscious. When someone is doing any action,how much of the control they are employing is conscious and how much of it is unconscious? That is avery complicated question. To a certain extent it is like you are unconsciously saying to yourself variousthings while you are doing something, but you also might be saying things to yourself consciously at thesame time that also helps direct your behavior.

Other important questions are - how does a persons goals and motivations influence their feelings,behavior, self-control and actions? How much of feeling, impulses and impulse control, motivation andgoal creating is conscious or unconscious? If you think about it, your goals, motivations, and thenatural impulses that result from your emotions (which are to a large extent determined by your goals andmotivations) are going to be fluctuating and changing all of the time.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help' conversation and receive update notifications?