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People also make casual attributions about the results of their evaluations - such as whether poorperformance is due to one's limited ability or to insufficient effort.Self-satisfaction involves perceptions of satisfaction or dissatisfaction and associated affect regardingone's performance, which is important because people pursue courses of action that result in satisfactionand positive affect, and avoid those courses that produce dissatisfaction and negative affect, such asanxiety.

Adaptive or defensive inferences are conclusions about how one needs to alter his or her self-regulatoryapproach during subsequent efforts to learn or perform. Adaptive inferences are important becausethey direct people to new and potentially better forms of performance self-regulation, such as by shiftingthe goals hierarchically or choosing a more effective strategy (Zimmerman + Martinez-Pons, 1992) Barry J. Zimmerman, and Manuel Martinez-Pons. (1992). Perceptions of efficacy and strategy use in the self-regulation of learning. In D. H. Schunk + J. L. Meece (Eds.) Student Perceptions in the Classroom: Causes and Consequences (pp. 185-207). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum. In contrast, defensive inferences serve primarily toprotect the person from future dissatisfaction and aversive affect, but unfortunately they also underminesuccessful adaptation. These defensive self-reactions include helplessness, procrastination, task avoidance,cognitive disengagement, and apathy. Garcia and Pintrich (1994) Garcia, T. + Pintrich, P.R. (1994). Regulating motivation and cognition in the classroom: the role of self-schemas and self-regulatory strategies. In D.H. Schunk and B.J. Zimmerman(Eds.), Self-Regulation on Learning and Performance: Issues and Applications (pp.132-157), NJ, Hillsdale, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. have referred to such defensive reactions as self-handicapping strategies, because,despite their intended protectiveness, they ultimately limit personal growth.

An introduction

I said in the beginning of this chapter that "Self- regulation is the conscious and nonconscious processesby which people regulate their thoughts, emotions,attention, behavior, and impulses. People generate thoughts, feelings and actions and adapt those to theattainment of personal goals." But what is meant by terms such as self-regulation, self-control, self-awareness, and self-monitoring? The difficult thing to figure out I would think would be how much of self-regulation or what is going on mentally is conscious or not conscious. When someone is doing any action,how much of the control they are employing is conscious and how much of it is unconscious? That is avery complicated question. To a certain extent it is like you are unconsciously saying to yourself variousthings while you are doing something, but you also might be saying things to yourself consciously at thesame time that also helps direct your behavior.

Other important questions are - how does a persons goals and motivations influence their feelings,behavior, self-control and actions? How much of feeling, impulses and impulse control, motivation andgoal creating is conscious or unconscious? If you think about it, your goals, motivations, and thenatural impulses that result from your emotions (which are to a large extent determined by your goals andmotivations) are going to be fluctuating and changing all of the time.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
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