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People also make casual attributions about the results of their evaluations - such as whether poorperformance is due to one's limited ability or to insufficient effort.Self-satisfaction involves perceptions of satisfaction or dissatisfaction and associated affect regardingone's performance, which is important because people pursue courses of action that result in satisfactionand positive affect, and avoid those courses that produce dissatisfaction and negative affect, such asanxiety.

Adaptive or defensive inferences are conclusions about how one needs to alter his or her self-regulatoryapproach during subsequent efforts to learn or perform. Adaptive inferences are important becausethey direct people to new and potentially better forms of performance self-regulation, such as by shiftingthe goals hierarchically or choosing a more effective strategy (Zimmerman + Martinez-Pons, 1992) Barry J. Zimmerman, and Manuel Martinez-Pons. (1992). Perceptions of efficacy and strategy use in the self-regulation of learning. In D. H. Schunk + J. L. Meece (Eds.) Student Perceptions in the Classroom: Causes and Consequences (pp. 185-207). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum. In contrast, defensive inferences serve primarily toprotect the person from future dissatisfaction and aversive affect, but unfortunately they also underminesuccessful adaptation. These defensive self-reactions include helplessness, procrastination, task avoidance,cognitive disengagement, and apathy. Garcia and Pintrich (1994) Garcia, T. + Pintrich, P.R. (1994). Regulating motivation and cognition in the classroom: the role of self-schemas and self-regulatory strategies. In D.H. Schunk and B.J. Zimmerman(Eds.), Self-Regulation on Learning and Performance: Issues and Applications (pp.132-157), NJ, Hillsdale, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. have referred to such defensive reactions as self-handicapping strategies, because,despite their intended protectiveness, they ultimately limit personal growth.

An introduction

I said in the beginning of this chapter that "Self- regulation is the conscious and nonconscious processesby which people regulate their thoughts, emotions,attention, behavior, and impulses. People generate thoughts, feelings and actions and adapt those to theattainment of personal goals." But what is meant by terms such as self-regulation, self-control, self-awareness, and self-monitoring? The difficult thing to figure out I would think would be how much of self-regulation or what is going on mentally is conscious or not conscious. When someone is doing any action,how much of the control they are employing is conscious and how much of it is unconscious? That is avery complicated question. To a certain extent it is like you are unconsciously saying to yourself variousthings while you are doing something, but you also might be saying things to yourself consciously at thesame time that also helps direct your behavior.

Other important questions are - how does a persons goals and motivations influence their feelings,behavior, self-control and actions? How much of feeling, impulses and impulse control, motivation andgoal creating is conscious or unconscious? If you think about it, your goals, motivations, and thenatural impulses that result from your emotions (which are to a large extent determined by your goals andmotivations) are going to be fluctuating and changing all of the time.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
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