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Self-regulation: a definition and introduction

What is self-regulation? Which mental processes compose it, and how do thoseprocesses work together? Self-regulation is the conscious and nonconsciousprocesses by which people regulate their thoughts, emotions, attention, behavior,and impulses. People generate thoughts, feelings and actions and adapt those tothe attainment of personal goals. Behavioral self-regulation invovles self-observing and strategically adjusting performance processes, such as one'smethod of learning, whereas environmental self-regulation refers to observing andadjecting environmental conditions or outcomes. Covert self regulation involvesmonitoring and adjusting cognitive and affective states, such as imagery forremembering or relaxing. Someones performance and regulation is going to bechanged by their goals, motivations, and decisions, People self-regulate their ownfunctioning in order to achieve goals or change how they are thinking.

Someones actions and mental processes depend on one's beliefs and motives. Self-regulation is cyclical - that is, feedback (information, responses) fromprior actions and performances changes the adjustments made during current efforts.Adjustments are necessary because personal, behavioral, and environmentalfactors are constantly changing during the course of learning and performance.Someones performances are constantly being changed by their attention and actions.Forethought is the phase that precedes efforts to act and sets the stage for aperformance. A person self-reflects on performances afterwards, and thisreflection influences their responses.

Forethought phase

In the forethought phase people engage in a) task analysis and b) self-motivationalbeliefs. Task analysis involves the setting of goals and strategic planning.Self motivational beliefs involves self- efficacy, outcome expectations, intrinsicinterest/value, and goal orientation.

Performance phase

In the performance phase people perform self-control processes and self-observation strategies. Self-control involves self-instruction (variousverbalizations), imagery (forming mental pictures), attention focusing and taskstrategies (which assist learning and performance by reducing a task to itsessential parts and organizing the parts meaningfully. For example, when studentslisten to a history lecture, they might identify a limited number of key pointsand record them chronologically in brief sentences. People do those things whilelearning (say in education), and in non- educational settings.

Also as part of someone's performance they do self-observation. This refers to aperson's tracking of specific aspects of their own performance, the conditions thatsurround it, and the effects that it produces. You can set goals in forethoughtabout how you are going to do self- observation.

Self-reflection phase

Bandura (1986) Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. has identified two self-reflected processes that areclosely associated with self-observation: self- judgment and self-reactions. Self-judgment involvesself-evaluating one's performance and attributing casual significance to the results. Self-evaluationrefers to comparing self-monitored information with a standard or goal, such as a sprinter judging practiceruns according to his or her best previous effort. Previous performance or self-criteria involvescomparisons of current performance with earlier levels of one's behavior, such as a baseline or the previousperformance.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
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