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Self-regulation: a definition and introduction

What is self-regulation? Which mental processes compose it, and how do thoseprocesses work together? Self-regulation is the conscious and nonconsciousprocesses by which people regulate their thoughts, emotions, attention, behavior,and impulses. People generate thoughts, feelings and actions and adapt those tothe attainment of personal goals. Behavioral self-regulation invovles self-observing and strategically adjusting performance processes, such as one'smethod of learning, whereas environmental self-regulation refers to observing andadjecting environmental conditions or outcomes. Covert self regulation involvesmonitoring and adjusting cognitive and affective states, such as imagery forremembering or relaxing. Someones performance and regulation is going to bechanged by their goals, motivations, and decisions, People self-regulate their ownfunctioning in order to achieve goals or change how they are thinking.

Someones actions and mental processes depend on one's beliefs and motives. Self-regulation is cyclical - that is, feedback (information, responses) fromprior actions and performances changes the adjustments made during current efforts.Adjustments are necessary because personal, behavioral, and environmentalfactors are constantly changing during the course of learning and performance.Someones performances are constantly being changed by their attention and actions.Forethought is the phase that precedes efforts to act and sets the stage for aperformance. A person self-reflects on performances afterwards, and thisreflection influences their responses.

Forethought phase

In the forethought phase people engage in a) task analysis and b) self-motivationalbeliefs. Task analysis involves the setting of goals and strategic planning.Self motivational beliefs involves self- efficacy, outcome expectations, intrinsicinterest/value, and goal orientation.

Performance phase

In the performance phase people perform self-control processes and self-observation strategies. Self-control involves self-instruction (variousverbalizations), imagery (forming mental pictures), attention focusing and taskstrategies (which assist learning and performance by reducing a task to itsessential parts and organizing the parts meaningfully. For example, when studentslisten to a history lecture, they might identify a limited number of key pointsand record them chronologically in brief sentences. People do those things whilelearning (say in education), and in non- educational settings.

Also as part of someone's performance they do self-observation. This refers to aperson's tracking of specific aspects of their own performance, the conditions thatsurround it, and the effects that it produces. You can set goals in forethoughtabout how you are going to do self- observation.

Self-reflection phase

Bandura (1986) Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. has identified two self-reflected processes that areclosely associated with self-observation: self- judgment and self-reactions. Self-judgment involvesself-evaluating one's performance and attributing casual significance to the results. Self-evaluationrefers to comparing self-monitored information with a standard or goal, such as a sprinter judging practiceruns according to his or her best previous effort. Previous performance or self-criteria involvescomparisons of current performance with earlier levels of one's behavior, such as a baseline or the previousperformance.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
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