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Multiple dimentions of emotional control strategy have been found in other studies. For example Mayer et al. (1991) Mayer, J. D Salovey, P., Gomberg-Kaufman, S., + Blainey, K (1991). A broader conception of mood experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 100-111. identified three dimenisons of emotion management distinct from dimensions of mood, labelled"suppression" (including distraction), "thoughts of actions" and "denial".

We can to some extent distinguish worry, intrusive thoughts and negative automatic thoughts on criteria such as intensity,unpleasantness, realism, intrusivenss and controllability, but those things are hard to define. How does someone know when the thought theyhave is 'intense' or when they thought they have is clear and realistic? If the thought is realistic is it going to be clear? Iwould think that the more realistic the thought is - tied in with reality - the more clear it would be because it is linked to realinformation. If you are fantasizing your thoughts are more like in a cloud (for example a dream state). It is also hard to tell if athought is unpleasant, how is someone supposed to know how positive emotionally one single thought is? That seems too hard to measure.Someone might know how easy it is to control their thoughts or how pleasant their thoughts are for a certain period of time, but notevery single thought they experience, or even a single reoccurring thought.

Two categories of appraisal are important in determining emotional experience and influencing subsequent coping efforts: primary andsecondary appraisal. Primary appraisal is the process of evaluating the personal meaning and significance for well-being of events, whichmay be irrelevant, benign-positive or stressful. Stress appraisals may be further subdivided into harm/loss, where the person hassustained physical or psychological damage; threat, where harm/loss is anticipated; and challenge, where successful coping may lead to gains.Secondary appraisal is concerned with what can be done to deal with a situation, and includes reviewing the range of coping optionsavailable and their likely success in the situation at hand. A third form of appraisal delineated by Lazarus and Folkman (1984) Lazarus, R.s>, + Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer. is reappraisal, which refers to the changes in appraisal which follow as the event unfolds and new information isacquired, including feedback on the success of attempts to cope.

There are a few more things to consider related to appraisals. How does considering the personal meaning of an event change the feelinginvolved? How does it change your thinking, and subsequently, what you are paying attention to? How does your history or beliefs change howyou make that appraisal? Do you make it with a bias or a unique significance to yourself? Whenever someone makes an assessment, thatassessment is unique to themself. When someone makes a secondary appraisal, how does that impact their attention different from theirprimary appraisal? You first assess a situation (primary appraisal), and then you assess what can be done about it (secondary appraisal),however how do those two actions influence your attention and your thinking? Are the primary appraisal and the secondary appraisalsseparated out by time or by other thoughts (intrusive or voluntary)?

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Emotion, cognition, and social interaction - information from psychology and new ideas topics self help. OpenStax CNX. Jul 11, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10403/1.71
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