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Scripting requires changing baseline of scripting character(s).

Mathematical notation requires scripting around a base entity. The MathML provides scripting capability through scripting elements : msub, msup and msubsup. Scripting in MathML is not limited only to putting a subscript or superscript around an expression, but vertically integrated upper and lower scripts, which are handy to display limits on integrals and to meet such other requirements of rendering structured display.

Rendering of script is done by manipulating certain attributes that elements acquire from the environment such as “xml” or “html” document.

"msub" and "msup" layout scripting elements

Specific attributes :   superscriptshift, superscriptshift

    Attribute value types

  • superscriptshift, superscriptshift (default : automatic) : number v-unit

Each of these scripting elements takes two arguments base and subscript, which may be valid MathML expressions. Syntax of the two elements are as given here :

<msub> base subscript </msub> <msup> base superscript </msup>

Each of these scripting elements takes two arguments base and subscript, which may be valid MathML expressions. Implementation of “msub” element shifts the baseline of the script, while retaining that of the base. In the case of “msup” element, the baseline shifts the script up. In both cases, display style of the scripts are also changed

The amount of shifting can be specified by giving numerical values to “subscriptshift” and “superscriptshift” attributes preferably in "ex" unit. The example here demonstrates implementation of both “msup” and “msub” elements.

Subscript and supersubscipt

<m:math display="block"> <m:table> <m:mtr> <m:mtd> <m:msup> <m:mi> m </m:mi> <m:mrow> <m:mn> 1 </m:mn> <m:mo> &InvisibleComma; </m:mo> <m:mn> 2 </m:mn> </m:mrow> </m:msup> </m:mtd> </m:mtr> <m:mtr> <m:mtd> <m:msub subscriptshift="1.5ex"> <m:mi> m </m:mi> <m:mrow> <m:mn> 1 </m:mn> <m:mo> &InvisibleComma; </m:mo> <m:mn> 2 </m:mn> </m:mrow> </m:msub> </m:mtd> </m:mtr> </m:table> </m:math>

Save the file after editing as “test.xml”. The display looks like :

m 1 2 m 1 2

Observe that “&InvisibleComma;” entity reference impart the meaning that scripts is read one two and not as one multiplied by 2.

"msubsup" layout scripting element

Specific attributes :   subscriptshift superscriptshift

    Attribute value types

  • subscriptshift (default : automatic) : number v-unit
  • superscriptshift (default : automatic) : number v-unit

The element takes three arguments. First argument of the element is base; second argument is subscript; and third argument is superscript. The syntax of the element is :

<msubsup> base subscript superscript </msubsup>

Scripting “msubsup” element affects simultaneous implementation of a subscript and superscript, which are vertically aligned. This is an extremely useful scripting element as this element can be used to display limit values on variety of expression, including an integral sign.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A primer in mathml. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10345/1.16
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