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y = 1 2 a y t 2 = 1 2 α E t 2

The position vector of the particle after time t is :

r = x i + y j + z k r = v 0 α B sin α B t i + 1 2 α E t 2 j + v 0 α B [ 1 - cos α B t ] k

Charge is placed at rest in crossed electric and magnetic fields

Let electric and magnetic fields are aligned along z and x directions and charge is placed at the origin of coordinate system. Initially, there is no magnetic force as charge is at rest. However, there is electric force, which accelerates the charge in z-direction. As the particle acquires velocity in z-direction, the magnetic force comes into play and tries to rotate the particle in xz plane about a center on x-axis.

Cycloid motion

Cycloid motion

However, z-component of velocity keeps increasing with time due to electric force in that direction. The magnetic force though draws the charged particle away from z-axis along a curved path. This action of magnetic force is countered by electric force in z-direction. The velocity of charged particle ultimately reduces to zero at x-axis. This cycle repeats itself forming cycloid motion. The cycloid path is generated by a point on the circumference of a rolling wheel. Here, we shall skip the mathematical derivation and limit ourselves to a descriptive analysis only.

Determination of specific charge of electron (j.j.thomson’s experiment)

The specific charge of an electron is ratio of charge and mass of electron. The specific charge (α) of electron is measured employing crossed fields on a beam of electrons. The beam of electrons emerging from cathode plate passes through a very narrow slit in anode plate. The electrons are accelerated between cathode and anode due to applied electrical potential V. The kinetic energy of the electron emerging from the slit is given by :

1 2 m v 2 = e V m v 2 = 2 e V

where v is the velocity of electron moving into the region of force fields.

Two parallel plates connected to an electric source produce a uniform electric field E from positive plate to negative plate. The electrical force works in the direction opposite to the direction of field E as charge on electron is negative. In the figure, electric field is directed in downward direction. Hence, electric force acts in upward direction.

On the other hand, the magnetic field is produced by a solenoid in a circular region covering the plate as shown in the figure. Its direction is chosen such that it applies a force in the opposite direction to that applied by the electrical field. For a magnetic field into the plane of drawing as shown by uniformly distributed cross signs, the magnetic field applies a upward magnetic force on a positive charge. However, as the charge on the electron is negative, the magnetic force acts in downward direction.

J.j.thomson’s experimental set up

Measurement of specific charge of electron

The beam of electrons hit the center of fluorescent screen, producing light as electrons collide with it when electric and magnetic fields are switched off. The point on the fluorescent screen is noted. Then, the electric field is switched on which moves the electron beam in upward direction following a parabolic path. Finally, magnetic field is turned and its magnitude is adjusted such that electric and magnetic forces acting in opposite directions balance each other and the electron is brought to hit original spot as noted earlier for the fields in switched off condition. In this situation:

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Electricity and magnetism. OpenStax CNX. Oct 20, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10909/1.13
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