# 0.8 Motion of a charged particle in electric and magnetic fields  (Page 2/4)

 Page 2 / 4

${F}_{E}=qE$

The acceleration of particle carrying charge in x-direction is :

$⇒{a}_{y}=\frac{{F}_{E}}{m}=\frac{qE}{m}$

The displacement along x-axis after time “t” is given by :

$x={v}_{0}t+\frac{1}{2}{a}_{y}{t}^{2}$ $⇒x={v}_{0}t+\frac{qE{t}^{2}}{2m}$

## Charge is moving perpendicular to parallel electric and magnetic fields

Let electric and magnetic fields align along y-direction and velocity vector is aligned along positive x-direction. Let the charge be positive and initial velocity be ${v}_{0}$ .In this case, velocity and magnetic field vectors are perpendicular to each other. Applying Right hand vector cross product rule, we determine that magnetic force is acting in positive z-direction. If electric field is not present, then the particle revolves along a circle in xz plane as shown in the figure below.

However, electric field in y-direction imparts acceleration in that direction. The particle, therefore, acquires velocity in y-direction and resulting motion is a helical motion. But since particle is accelerated in y –direction, the linear distance between consecutive circular elements of helix increases. In other words, the resulting motion is a helical motion with increasing pitch.

The radius of each of the circular element and other periodic attributes like time period, frequency and angular frequency are same as for the case of circular motion of charged particle in perpendicular to magnetic field.

$R=\frac{v}{\alpha B};\phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}T=\frac{2\pi }{\alpha B};\phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}\nu =\alpha B/2\pi ;\phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}\omega =\alpha B$

## Velocity of the charged particle

The velocity of the particle in xz plane (as also derived in the module Motion of a charged particle in magnetic field ) is :

$\mathbf{v}={v}_{x}\mathbf{i}+{v}_{z}\mathbf{j}={v}_{0}\mathrm{cos}\omega t\mathbf{i}+{v}_{o}\mathrm{sin}\omega t\mathbf{k}$ $⇒\mathbf{v}={v}_{0}\mathrm{cos}\left(\alpha Bt\right)\mathbf{i}+{v}_{0}\mathrm{sin}\left(\alpha Bt\right)\mathbf{k}$

where α is specific charge. We know that magnetic force does not change the magnitude of velocity. It follows then that magnitude of velocity is xy plane is a constant given as :

${v}_{x}^{2}+{v}_{z}^{2}={{v}_{\text{xy}}}^{2}$

But, there is electric field in y-direction. This imparts linear acceleration to the charged particle. As such, the particle which was initially having no component in y direction gains velocity with time as electric field imparts acceleration to the particle in y direction. The velocity components in xz plane, however, remain same. The acceleration in y-direction due to electric field is :

$⇒{a}_{y}=\frac{{F}_{E}}{m}=\frac{qE}{m}=\alpha E$

Since initial velocity in y-direction is zero, the velocity after time t is :

$⇒{v}_{y}={a}_{y}t=\alpha Et$

The velocity of the particle at a time t, therefore, is given in terms of component velocities as :

$\mathbf{v}={v}_{x}\mathbf{i}+{v}_{y}\mathbf{j}+{v}_{j}\mathbf{k}$

$⇒\mathbf{v}={v}_{0}\mathrm{cos}\left(\alpha Bt\right)\mathbf{i}+\alpha Et\mathbf{j}+{v}_{0}\mathrm{sin}\left(\alpha Bt\right)\mathbf{k}$

## Displacement of the charged particle

Component of displacement of the charged particle in xz plane is given (see module Motion of a charged particle in magnetic field ) as :

$x=R\mathrm{sin}\left(\alpha Bt\right)=\frac{{v}_{0}}{\alpha B}\mathrm{sin}\left(\alpha Bt\right)$ $z=R\left[1-\mathrm{cos}\left(\alpha Bt\right)\right]=\frac{{v}_{0}}{\alpha B}\left[1-\mathrm{cos}\left(\alpha Bt\right)\right]$

The motion in y-direction is due to electric force. Let the displacement in this direction be y after time t. Then :

#### Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!