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To understand patterns of victim and non-victim responses and emergent groups

To know some of the myths that surface in disasters

We examine typical responses of victims to disasters. We also consider the responses of non-victims, including spontaneous volunteers, donated goods, and mass assault. Disaster myths are exposed concerning evacuation, shelter, panic, looting, and others. We discuss the usefulness of the Disaster Research Center’s typology on emergent groups.

Example 1

Linda davis

Description of Principle: “An effective way to serve those indirectly affected is to design emergency response plans in anticipation of the ‘need to do something’” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 310)

Justification: Disaster management teams must come to expect that spontaneous volunteers will be compelled to help after a disaster. The efforts of these volunteers can have “had positive impacts both for the local community and for the volunteers themselves” if disaster managers are prepared for the influx of volunteers (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 303). Volunteering can help provide a feeling of solidarity in a community, and “by doing something altruistic that benefitted others, they transformed the negative into something positive, thereby experiencing their power to influence their environment” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 309)

Social Work Relevance: Social workers involved in disaster management must “understand the need to volunteer and the positive impacts provided by volunteering” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 309). Social workers can be organizers and advocates for volunteers because “public officials often do not take (volunteers) into account in community emergency management planning and misunderstand both the reasons behind their emergence and the roles they play in disaster-related community problems” (Stallings&Quarantelli, 1985, p. 94). By using a “community as a resource” model, social workers can “contribute significantly to the overall health of a community by preparing citizens to be soft mitigation resources and proactively engaging them as agents in their own and their community response and recover” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 310).

Related Definitions:

Volunteerism: contribution of time without coercion or remuneration for public benefit (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

Spontaneous Volunteers: those individuals who contribute on impulse immediately after a disaster (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

External convergence: when people move into a disaster area (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

Internal convergence: when people move to specific sites within a disaster area (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

Emergent groups: groups of citizens that emerge around perceived needs or problems associated with both natural and technological disaster situations (Stallings&Quarantelli, 1985, p. 94)


A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed

These pictures demonstrate some of the tasks that volunteers can accomplish as part of the informal disaster response. Volunteers can provide everything from manual labor to blood if disaster management is prepared to integrate them into the work.

Example 2

Brodie mueller

Principle : People need to help. (Lowe&Fothergill (2003). A Need to Help:

Emergent Volunteer Behavior after September 11th. Pp.293-314 in Beyond

September 11th: An Account of Post-Disaster Research: Special Publication

#39. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information

Center, University of Colorado. )

Justification - Lowe and Fothergill share many testimonials of people who

responded to 9/11 and shared their overwhelming need to help those affected

and the urge to do something; anything. It helps us as humans to ease the

psychological burden of surviving the disaster and then needing to help those

who have been negatively impacted.

Social Work Relevance : They have an urge or psychological need to help their

community and as social workers we need to honor and use this for self

empowerment. It is difficult with social agencies because not everyone has

skills, but these experiences are important for easing internal pain or urge to

do something.

Definition : Emergent Groups: Groups of citizens that for to help with disaster

relief or tasks, groups that were not otherwise in existence.

Non-emergency time groups: Groups that continue to function after the disaster

has passed and work towards disaster mitigation and preparation.

(Stallings&Quarantelli (1985). Emergent Citizen Groups and Emergency

Management. Public Administration Review 45, January, P. 96)


A dog sitting on a bed

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Disaster and vulnerable populations. OpenStax CNX. Aug 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11340/1.1
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