<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


To understand patterns of victim and non-victim responses and emergent groups

To know some of the myths that surface in disasters

We examine typical responses of victims to disasters. We also consider the responses of non-victims, including spontaneous volunteers, donated goods, and mass assault. Disaster myths are exposed concerning evacuation, shelter, panic, looting, and others. We discuss the usefulness of the Disaster Research Center’s typology on emergent groups.

Example 1

Linda davis

Description of Principle: “An effective way to serve those indirectly affected is to design emergency response plans in anticipation of the ‘need to do something’” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 310)

Justification: Disaster management teams must come to expect that spontaneous volunteers will be compelled to help after a disaster. The efforts of these volunteers can have “had positive impacts both for the local community and for the volunteers themselves” if disaster managers are prepared for the influx of volunteers (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 303). Volunteering can help provide a feeling of solidarity in a community, and “by doing something altruistic that benefitted others, they transformed the negative into something positive, thereby experiencing their power to influence their environment” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 309)

Social Work Relevance: Social workers involved in disaster management must “understand the need to volunteer and the positive impacts provided by volunteering” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 309). Social workers can be organizers and advocates for volunteers because “public officials often do not take (volunteers) into account in community emergency management planning and misunderstand both the reasons behind their emergence and the roles they play in disaster-related community problems” (Stallings&Quarantelli, 1985, p. 94). By using a “community as a resource” model, social workers can “contribute significantly to the overall health of a community by preparing citizens to be soft mitigation resources and proactively engaging them as agents in their own and their community response and recover” (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 310).

Related Definitions:

Volunteerism: contribution of time without coercion or remuneration for public benefit (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

Spontaneous Volunteers: those individuals who contribute on impulse immediately after a disaster (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

External convergence: when people move into a disaster area (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

Internal convergence: when people move to specific sites within a disaster area (Lowe&Fothergill, 2003, p. 294)

Emergent groups: groups of citizens that emerge around perceived needs or problems associated with both natural and technological disaster situations (Stallings&Quarantelli, 1985, p. 94)


A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed

These pictures demonstrate some of the tasks that volunteers can accomplish as part of the informal disaster response. Volunteers can provide everything from manual labor to blood if disaster management is prepared to integrate them into the work.

Example 2

Brodie mueller

Principle : People need to help. (Lowe&Fothergill (2003). A Need to Help:

Emergent Volunteer Behavior after September 11th. Pp.293-314 in Beyond

September 11th: An Account of Post-Disaster Research: Special Publication

#39. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information

Center, University of Colorado. )

Justification - Lowe and Fothergill share many testimonials of people who

responded to 9/11 and shared their overwhelming need to help those affected

and the urge to do something; anything. It helps us as humans to ease the

psychological burden of surviving the disaster and then needing to help those

who have been negatively impacted.

Social Work Relevance : They have an urge or psychological need to help their

community and as social workers we need to honor and use this for self

empowerment. It is difficult with social agencies because not everyone has

skills, but these experiences are important for easing internal pain or urge to

do something.

Definition : Emergent Groups: Groups of citizens that for to help with disaster

relief or tasks, groups that were not otherwise in existence.

Non-emergency time groups: Groups that continue to function after the disaster

has passed and work towards disaster mitigation and preparation.

(Stallings&Quarantelli (1985). Emergent Citizen Groups and Emergency

Management. Public Administration Review 45, January, P. 96)


A dog sitting on a bed

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Disaster and vulnerable populations. OpenStax CNX. Aug 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11340/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Disaster and vulnerable populations' conversation and receive update notifications?