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What are the distinctive needs and contributions of the humanities and social sciences in cyberinfrastructure?

In the National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act of 1965

National Endowment for the Humanities (External Link) .
—the legislation that created the National Endowment for the Humanities—two of the leading arguments presentedfor the act are:

(3) An advanced civilization must not limit its efforts to science and technology alone, but must give fullvalue and support to the other great branches of scholarly and cultural activity in order to achieve a better understanding of thepast, a better analysis of the present, and a better view of the future.

(4) Democracy demands wisdom and vision in its citizens. It must therefore foster and support a form ofeducation, and access to the arts and the humanities, designed to make people of all backgrounds and wherever located masters oftheir technology and not its unthinking servants.

Both of these arguments remain true as we enter into an “advanced civilization” that depends on technologyfor the daily business of the culture as well as for its education and its research. The humanities and the social sciences arecritical players in the development of cyberinfrastructure because they deal with the intractability, the rich ambiguity, and themagnificent complexity that is the human experience.

In the Atkins report, cyberinfrastructure consists of

  • grids of computational centers;
  • comprehensive libraries of digital objects;
  • well-curated collections of scientific data;
  • online instruments and vast sensor arrays;
  • convenient software toolkits.

Humanities scholars and social scientists will require similar facilities but, obviously, not exactly thesame ones: “grids of computational centers” are needed in the humanities and social sciences, but they will have to be staffedwith different kinds of subject-area experts; comprehensive and well-curated libraries of digital objects will certainly be needed,but the objects themselves will be different from those used in the sciences; software toolkits for projects involving data-mining anddata-visualization could be shared across the sciences, humanities, and social sciences, but only up to the point where the nature ofthe data begins to shape the nature of the tools. Science and engineering have made great strides in using information technologyto understand and shape the world around us. This report is focused on how these same technologies could help advance the study andinterpretation of the vastly more messy and idiosyncratic realm of human experience.

Building a cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences presents an opportunity to takeadvantage of prevailing economic, organizational, and technological forces. We have remarkable opportunities to bring new analytic andinterpretive power to bear on the materials and the methods of the humanities and the social sciences: by so doing, we can advance ourunderstanding of human cultures past, present, and future. In the process, however, scholars, librarians, publishers, anduniversities will also have to re-examine their own academic culture, rethinking its outward forms, its established practices,and its apparent assumptions.

The case for why and how to seize this opportunity is presented in the following chapters. Chapter 1articulates a vision for the future of the humanities and social sciences. Chapter 2 highlights some of the fundamental constraintsthat could limit our ability to achieve that vision. Chapter 3 presents a framework for making the changes needed to overcomethose constraints and for undertaking the online integration of the cultural record.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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