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What are the distinctive needs and contributions of the humanities and social sciences in cyberinfrastructure?

In the National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act of 1965

National Endowment for the Humanities (External Link) .
—the legislation that created the National Endowment for the Humanities—two of the leading arguments presentedfor the act are:

(3) An advanced civilization must not limit its efforts to science and technology alone, but must give fullvalue and support to the other great branches of scholarly and cultural activity in order to achieve a better understanding of thepast, a better analysis of the present, and a better view of the future.

(4) Democracy demands wisdom and vision in its citizens. It must therefore foster and support a form ofeducation, and access to the arts and the humanities, designed to make people of all backgrounds and wherever located masters oftheir technology and not its unthinking servants.

Both of these arguments remain true as we enter into an “advanced civilization” that depends on technologyfor the daily business of the culture as well as for its education and its research. The humanities and the social sciences arecritical players in the development of cyberinfrastructure because they deal with the intractability, the rich ambiguity, and themagnificent complexity that is the human experience.

In the Atkins report, cyberinfrastructure consists of

  • grids of computational centers;
  • comprehensive libraries of digital objects;
  • well-curated collections of scientific data;
  • online instruments and vast sensor arrays;
  • convenient software toolkits.

Humanities scholars and social scientists will require similar facilities but, obviously, not exactly thesame ones: “grids of computational centers” are needed in the humanities and social sciences, but they will have to be staffedwith different kinds of subject-area experts; comprehensive and well-curated libraries of digital objects will certainly be needed,but the objects themselves will be different from those used in the sciences; software toolkits for projects involving data-mining anddata-visualization could be shared across the sciences, humanities, and social sciences, but only up to the point where the nature ofthe data begins to shape the nature of the tools. Science and engineering have made great strides in using information technologyto understand and shape the world around us. This report is focused on how these same technologies could help advance the study andinterpretation of the vastly more messy and idiosyncratic realm of human experience.

Building a cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences presents an opportunity to takeadvantage of prevailing economic, organizational, and technological forces. We have remarkable opportunities to bring new analytic andinterpretive power to bear on the materials and the methods of the humanities and the social sciences: by so doing, we can advance ourunderstanding of human cultures past, present, and future. In the process, however, scholars, librarians, publishers, anduniversities will also have to re-examine their own academic culture, rethinking its outward forms, its established practices,and its apparent assumptions.

The case for why and how to seize this opportunity is presented in the following chapters. Chapter 1articulates a vision for the future of the humanities and social sciences. Chapter 2 highlights some of the fundamental constraintsthat could limit our ability to achieve that vision. Chapter 3 presents a framework for making the changes needed to overcomethose constraints and for undertaking the online integration of the cultural record.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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