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·Use the guide at left and place four colorless spheres in the first layer (1) at the corners for z=0.

·Place one colorless sphere in the second layer (2) on the center rod for z=0.5

·Construct the z=1 layer.

 Group 2.Extended Structure

  • Using template F, construct an extended body-centered cubic structure.
  • Insert rods in every hole of the template/block.
  • Using the guide which follows, place colorless spheres for z=0 on every rod labeled 1.
  • For z=0.5 place colorless spheres on each rod labeled 2.
  • Complete the z=1 layer and then place another two layers on top.
  • Face-Centered Cubic (FCC) Structure

Team C

Group 1. Single Unit Cell

·Construct a single face-centered cubic cell using template C, colorless spheres and the layering as illustrated. Only put rods and spheres on one of the squares defined by the internal lines.



Group 2. Extended Structure

·Construct an extended face-centered cubic structure using template C (You can find instructions on how to do it in the manual that comes with the kit.)


3. Close-Packing: Sphere Packing&Metallic Elements

Team D

Group 1. Construct the hexagonal close-packing unit cell (use the one requiring the C6 template)

Group 2. Construct the cubic close-packing unit cell (use the one requiring the C6 template)

Team E

Group 1. Add a 2' layer on top of the existing structure.

Group 2. Add a 2' layer on top of the existing structure.

Team F

Using only the shaded portion on the template, construct the face-centered cubic unit cell which uses the C4 template.

Compare the structures of the face-centered cubic unit cell made on the C4 template to that made on the C6 template.

4. interstitial sites and coordination number (cn)

Team a

Group 1 - Construct CN 8, CN 6 and CN 4 (using the C4 template).

Group 2 - Construct CN 6, CN 4 (body diagonal) (using the C6 template).

5. ionic compounds

Now we will look at some real ionic compounds which crystallize in different cubic unit cells. We will use the models to determine the stoichiometry ( atom-to-atom ratios) for a formula unit.

Team B

Cesium Chloride

·Construct a model of cesium chloride on template A. This time use colorless spheres as layers 1 and 1' and the green spheres for layer 2.

·Start with the shaded area and then work your way outward to an extended structure. Consider both simple and extended structures when answering the questions which follow.


Team c

Fluorite: calcium fluoride

·Construct a model of fluorite, which is calcium fluoride, on template E.

·Green spheres will be used for layers 1, 3, and 1' while colorless spheres go on layers 2 and 4.

·Finish with a 1' layer on top. Build the structure by placing rods in all 13 holes in the area enclosed by the internal line.


Team d

Lithium nitride

·Use the l template and insert 6 rods in the parallelogram portion of the dotted lines.

·Construct the pattern shown below. be sure to include a z=1 layer. 1 is a green sphere while 1 and 2 are blue spheres. The 0 Indicates a 4.0 mm spacer tube; the 2 Is an 18.6 mm spacer.

Teams e and f

Zinc blende and wurtzite: zinc sulfide

Team E. Zinc Blende: Use template D to construct the crystal pattern illustrated below. Numbers 2 and 4 are blue spheres while 1 and 3 are colorless spheres and 4 is a 16.1 mm spacer.

Questions & Answers

how did psychology begin?
Valerie Reply
of psychologys commencement, the traces can be seen in the work of Aristotle, where he talk about soul and body, likewise work in durrant, de anima, all these were somewhere supporting dualism, in which soul could exist separately from body
but if you talk about the moder psychology, Gustav fechner, is credited with performing scientific experiments, basis of his experiments in psychology with his studies perception.
does psychology deal with love?
Mohammed Reply
Maybe, i think
I definitely would say yes
how so
there are so many different reasons why you can fall in love with someone, many of them develope subconsciously -> psychology
love messes with the brain, a lot, ergo I believe that Psychology does indeed deal with love
what is synapse
Katie Reply
In the central nervous system, a synapse is a small gap at the end of a neuron that allows a signal to pass from one neuron to the next. synapse are found where nerve cells connect with other nerve cells
can you do auto book auto
Mariah Reply
WHT u mean?
heyy, may i join the conversation please?
edem Reply
who is the father of psychology
Richy Reply
and please, how would you guys, describe the study of psychology at college ?
psychologist student?
i mean not yet but am about to start college so wanna know how is it(college in general and psychology course) please
Psychology is the study of mind and behaviour. So if you will take psychology as a subject so you will get to know how your everything (physical, mental, social, spiritual aspects) effects your behaviour
With this brief knowledge you can help people to cope up with their problems and only you can guide them correctly
And if you go for further specialisations you can study hypnosis, face reading, body language etc
Thanks a lot🙏🏾 And ik some of the stuffs u said but i am also going to write thesis, right ?
ok no prob, thanks a lot🙏🏾✨
hae everyone, hope you are well this evning my question is what is the difference between drive and motivation
good question
drive is more like an impulse or urge and i think they both go together (drive and motivation) even if there is a slight difference
@ Michael Drive is delivered to be innate without the use of an external stimuli, motivation normally evolves an outside stimuli which may include praise, appreciate, or reward.
*believed...sorry for typo
@Reginald, can't the motivation come from the inner self?
Good question, please give an example.
can we say desire of success for example
Wilhelm Wundt is the father of psychology
Wilhem Wundt thank you for the road that you opened.
You mean who is the father of having a great educated argumentative guess? nothing is more wrong than this question. The question is you should ask yourselfs is, how sure are you abour their scientific studying? one's percieved assimilated approach to judging another person and saying they are
the biggest problem with scientific research and data is that ya you could get the same result 1000 times then it could go the other way 1000 times, but we would never know that and we did, we would still say ya but the proof is there. The only thing science proves is that humanity has
no facts about human behavior in the scientific context, but more in the trial and error.. sorry to tell you, but so far no one has proven Father of anything, thats up to you and i, judgement is bias, science is good enough lazy
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain.
Jessy Reply
Anyone knows about Techno-fascism?
Hussein Reply
Ecofascism is a theoretical political model in which an authoritarian government would require individuals to sacrifice their own interests to the "organic whole of nature". The term is also used as a rhetorical pejorative to undermine the environmental movement.
what's the big difference between prejudice and discrimination?
Danice Reply
A prejudiced person may not act on their attitude.  Therefore, someone can be prejudiced towards a certain group but not discriminate against them.  Also, prejudice includes all three components of an attitude (affective, behavioral and cognitive), whereas discrimination just involves behavior
Nancy Lee
what is all about cognitive development?
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain
how do you control a variable when using spss whilst running a pearsons correlation analysis?
Jessie Reply
it dependa on your study. according to what you want to say and explain your result
why does it say her and she
Jayla Reply
stages of cognitive development
brivia Reply
sensory preoperatinal concrete formal
what is psychology
Chethani Reply
the study of insecurities and the effect on the host .
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior & mental processes
psychology is science about learning human behaviour
In thinking about the case of Candace described earlier, do you think that Candace benefitted or suffered as a result of consistently being passed on to the next grade?
Nene Reply
what is reward
Angeles Reply
reward is a technique to change behaviour
Reward is a way to promote a specific behaviour or to teach someone/ something to behave a specific way or perform a specific task.
a reward is something that is usually associated with desirable behavior. The child got a reward for winning the game. A reinforcer is different in that a reinforcer is anything that increases behavior, even if it is increasing an undesirable behavior.
reward is earned effort realized
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Source:  OpenStax, Honors chemistry lab fall. OpenStax CNX. Nov 15, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10456/1.16
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