# 0.7 Solid state and superconductors  (Page 6/9)

 Page 6 / 9

## Experimental procedure

Every part of the experimental procedure has correspondent questions on the Report Form. Do not proceed until ALL questions accompanying each section have been answered and recorded.

1. Demonstration of the 1,2,3-superconductor ${\text{YBa}}_{2}{\text{Cu}}_{3}{O}_{8-}$

A pellet of the 1,2,3-superconductor ${\text{YBa}}_{2}{\text{Cu}}_{3}{O}_{8-}$ is placed on the top of an inverted paper cup. The pellet is cooled down by carefully pouring liquid nitrogen over it until the bottom of the cup is filled up. After approximately 10 seconds (when the bubbling stops) the pellet should reach the liquid nitrogen temperature. Your TA will then place a very strong magnet over the pellet.

What happens to the magnet? What happens as the superconductor warms up? What is the Meissner effect? (Write observations and answer these questions on your report form)

Warning- LIQUID NITROGEN CAN CAUSE FROST BITE! Do not directly touch anything that has come into contact with the liquid nitrogen until it is warmed up to room temperature.

NOTE TO TA: to remove a levitating magnet, simply wait until the liquid nitrogen fully evaporates or use another magnet to "grab" the floating magnet. Be careful not to lose or break these very tiny, yet expensive, magnets!!!!

## 2. cubic cells

There are many types of fundamental unit cells, one of which is the cubic cell. In turn, there are three subclasses of the cubic cell:

a. simple or primitive cubic (P)

b. body-centered cubic (bcc, I*)

c. face-centered cubic (fcc, F)

*The I designation for body-centered cubic comes from the German word innenzentriert.

We do not have time to build models of all of the unit cells possible, so we will focus on the cubic structure and its variations. Our investigation will include several aspects of each cell type:

• the number of atoms per unit cell
• the efficiency of the packing of atoms in the volume of each unit cell
• the number of nearest neighbors (coordination number) for each type of atom
• the stoichiometry (atom-to-atom ratio) of the compound

A.    Simple Cubic Unit Cells or Primitive Cubic Unit Cells (P)

## Team a

Group 1. Single Unit Cell

·Construct a simple cubic cell using template A and its matching base.

·Insert rods in the 4 circled holes in the shaded region of the template.

·Build the first layer (z = 0) by placing a colorless sphere on each rod in the shaded region.

·Draw a picture of this layer as previously described.

·Complete the unit cell by placing 4 colorless spheres on top of the first layer.

This is the z=1 layer.

## Group 2. extended structure

• Construct an extended cubic cell using template A.
• Insert rods in the circled holes of template A in the area enclosed by the dotted lines.
• Construct a set of unit cells as described for making a single unit cell.

Look closely at the structures generated by both groups. They are called simple (or primitive) cubic.

Considering all of the cells around it, answer the corresponding questions on the report form.

B.     Body-Centered Cubic Structure (BCC)

Team B

Group 1. Single Unit Cell

·Construct a body-centered cubic (bcc) structure using template F.·Insert the rods in all 5 of the holes in the shaded region.

how can chip be made from sand
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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