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The c language and analog interfacing: your task

This lab covers the basic principals behind Analog to Digital Conversion, as well as the basics of programming in C. You are expected to have some background in C from class, but if you are confused, see this basic reference .

  1. Using Code Composer Studio 4, write a C language program turning your MSP430 LaunchPad into a simple 10 level voltmeter. Your program should divide the 0-3.3V input range of the ADC into 10 zones, and then output from a 0 to a 9 on the LED display depending on the input voltage. DO NOT EXCEED AN INPUT VOLTAGE OF 3.3V . You will damage your circuits and destroy your MSP430. Assignment Details

The adc and "c" through a practical example

Interfacing with the analog world: the adc

ADC's play an incredibly important role in digital electronics and DSP. ADC stands for A nalog to D igital C onverter, and it does exactly what you would expect it to. It samples an external voltage, and then converts that voltage to a binary number compared to the reference voltage range from Vdd to Vss. (In plain English terms, the ADC samples what fraction the input is of some maximum allowed reference voltage.) The ADC's result gets written to a memory mapped register, where the programmer can access it and use it in his or her code.

An ADC has a finite voltage range it can safely convert (usually related to its power supply range, but not always). The precision of the converted sample is related to the number of bits used by the ADC. More bits means more precision (more finite "slots" into which the infinitely variable analog single can be quantized) and a lower "quantization error." To learn more about error and ADC, see this except from the Introduction to Electrical Engineering course notes . ADC's also have a maximum sampling rate specification (how frequently the ADC can make a conversion), but in this course we will be sampling very low frequency signals, so we won't need to worry about it.

The msp430 adc

The MSP430 G2231 has one 12 channel 10 bit 200Khz ADC. ADC channels allow the single ADC to select between several different signals (such as two different analog inputs on different GPIO pins) like an analog multiplexer. In the G2231, channels 1-8 are connected to the 8 P1 GPIO pins, and channel 10 is connected to the chip's internal temperature sensor. You can select which channel to convert by setting the ADC10CTL1 register's ( 10 bit ADC C on t ro l 1 ) INCH property ( In put Ch annel).

For this lab, we will configure the ADC to use the internal 3.3 Vdd as the reference voltage.

  • A voltage of 3.3V would result in the ADC register holding 11 1111 1111 (0x03FF)
  • A voltage of 0.0V would result in the ADC register reading 00 0000 0000 (0x0000)
  • A voltage of 1.65V would result in the ADC register reading 01 1111 1111 (0x01FF)
  • The ADC will have a sample resolution of 3.3V/1024 [Voltage Range/2 #Bits ], or .0032 Volts.

The ADC is a peripheral device, so it operates independently from the CPU. It has several operation modes (configured by writing to its control registers).

Peripheral
A device that can operate independently from direct CPU support and control. Peripherals often rely on interrupts to notify the CPU when they have completed some given task or need attention, and use independent control registers for configuration. The ADC 10 is a peripheral, as well as the MSP430's UART (serial controller) and timers.

    Adc10 operation modes

  • Single Sample and Hold-- the ADC10 will start a conversion when triggered by the CPU. After that conversion, it will hold the converted value in the ADC10MEM register and automatically go into sleep mode until signaled to begin another conversion. We will mostly use this mode.
  • Sequence of Channels Sample and Hold-- the ADC10 will convert a series of different channels once, and store the result to ADC10MEM.
  • Repeat Single Channel Mode-- it will continuously sample on channel, continuously updating the ADC10MEM register.
  • Repeat Sequence of Channels Mode-- the ADC will continuously sample through a series of channels.
The MSP430's ADC 10 also has a built in memory controller. We won't be using it, but it becomes important when using the repeat modes. The memory controller can automatically write the ADC data into main memory as conversions finish, bypassing the CPU.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Intro to computational engineering: elec 220 labs. OpenStax CNX. Mar 11, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11405/1.2
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