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Corruption, of course, is not the special province of Mexicans. As the U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency has stepped up hiring, it has had problems not only with agents who go bad while on the job but with some who are already in the employ of the cartels when they come to work. Randal C. Archibold, “Hired by customs, but working for Mexican cartels,” New York Times , December 17, 2009. And it would be naive to imagine that the dispersal of drugs across the United States does not receive assistance from law enforcement agents, lawyers, judges, bankers, and business owners willing to profit from their positions.

To complicate matters further, the army, which has been one of the most respected institutions in Mexican society, has come under increased scrutiny and criticism. Business owners claim that the presence of thousands of armed soldiers on the streets, sometimes storming into bars and restaurants to search everyone in the building, discourages tourism, a major component of the Mexican economy. Others report abuses that include illegal searches, arresting and detaining people without cause, beatings, theft, rape, and torture. Army abuses, see “Report to InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights in Washington,” Los Angeles Times , March 29, 2008. See also “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , July 13, 2009. Also, Amnesty International report, see Tracy Wilkinson, “Rights group faults Mexico over alleged army abuse,” Los Angeles Times , December 9, 2009. Observers also fear that sizable numbers of the troops will follow the example of Los Zetas and desert to the cartels. Frank Koughan, “U.S. Trained Death Squads?” Mother Jones , July-August 2009.

That fear is not groundless; in some cities, the Zetas have hung banners openly inviting the soldiers to join their ranks, offering “good wages, food and help for your family.” “Good wages,” see “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , June 3, 2008. The Economist magazine quotes Guillermo Zepeda of CIDAC, a think tank in Mexico City, expressing the fear that “We may end up without trustworthy police and without a trustworthy army.” Zepeda, “A Toker’s Guide,” The Economist , March 5, 2009. Some Mexican reports charge that “the army has pulled off a coup d’etat, morphing into its own terrorist, drug-money collecting, gun-wielding cartel—morphing into an enemy in uniformed disguise to terrorize physically and spiritually the Mexican citizenry.” Army coup d’etat, see “Is the Mexican army the biggest cartel of all?” The Seminal , August 10, 2009; Cf. Charles Bowden, “We Bring Fear,” Mother Jones , July 2009. In response to such criticism, Calderón replaced military troops in Ciudad Juárez with federal police in the spring of 2010, with little visible effect on either the level of violence or complaints of abuse from citizens.

These problems, coupled with concern over the tremendous financial cost of Calderón’s war on drugs at a time when the Mexican economy is already weak, have led to increased doubt that the campaign will succeed. A March 2010 poll published in the daily Milenio newspaper reported that only 21 percent (down from 28 percent a year earlier) of the Mexican public think the government is winning its fight with the cartels. Roderic Ai Camp, “Drugs, guns and money: A violent struggle across the border,” San Diego Tribune , March 15, 2009; 2009 Milenio Poll, see Ken Ellingwood, “12 slain in Mexico were federal police officers,” Los Angeles Times , July 15, 2009. That loss of confidence doubtless played some role in modest gains by the PRI in both the 2008 and 2010 elections. One observer with deep ties and personal experience in both the United States and Mexico compared the conflict among the cartels and between the cartels and the government to a sporting event. Spectators in both the government and the public may keep score as individual contests are won or lost and as teams move up or down in the standings, but regardless of the treasure expended and the damage done, drugs will still be desired, provided, and sold. And as long as societies and their governments treat drug use as a crime rather than as a matter of public health, the deadly game will continue, season after season.

All article links may be found in the online version of this report at www.bakerinstitute.org/PolicyReport45 .

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
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Source:  OpenStax, Cartels, corruption, carnage, and cooperation. OpenStax CNX. May 23, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11293/1.2
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