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Moreover, corruption remains a terrible problem. Most observers agree that the several law enforcement agencies operating at the border are widely compromised. Throughout the country, local police, underpaid, under-trained, and under-equipped, are clearly still on the take. Honest cops run the risk of contempt from their coworkers or of being killed because of fear they will expose the crooked ones. Hundreds of police have been killed since the Calderón initiative began. Some no doubt conscientiously opposed the drug gangs; others, reportedly a majority, simply worked for the wrong gang. Even those thoroughly vetted for trustworthiness may succumb to temptation, or give in when a gang confronts them with the choice, plata o plomo—silver or lead, bribe or bullet.

The corruption extends far up the line. In 2008, at least 35 agents from an elite organized crime unit within the attorney general’s office, including top officials ostensibly leading the crackdown against the cartels, were fired or arrested. According to news accounts, they had for

several years been receiving monthly payments ranging from $150,000 to $450,000 each, in return for keeping the cartels informed about government operations. $450,000 payoffs, see “Levels of Prohibition: A Toker’s Guide,” The Economist , March 15, 2009; “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , October 28, 2008. Payoffs of such size are apparently not unique; wiretaps used to bring indictments against members of the Gulf cartel caught discussions of bribes of $2 million. $2 million, see “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , July 21, 2009. In May 2009, guards at a Zacatecas prison offered no resistance as 53 inmates walked out and drove away in a 17-car convoy. Escape from Zacatecas prison, see “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , July 13, 2009. Later that same month, federal agents accused 10 mayors from the state of Michoacan of abetting La Familia drug traffickers. Michoacan mayors, see “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , May 29, 2009. In July 2010, prison officials in Durango were found to be sending prisoners, using official vehicles and armed with prison weapons, on designated assassination assignments. Mark Stevenson, “Mexican drug cartel inmates let out of prison,” The Globe and Mail , July 26, 2010. At about the same time, 56 members of Tijuana law enforcement agencies were arrested for corruption, adding to more than 400 similar arrests or firings since January 2008. In May 2010, the mayor of Cancun was arrested on charges of aiding the Zetas and the Beltrán-Leyva gang. Ken Ellingwood, “Cancun mayor’s arrest adds to Mexico worries,” Los Angeles Times , May 27, 2010. No one imagines these are the final examples.

Those who criticize the gangs publicly, or attempt to expose the corruption that enables them, do so at their own peril. In April 2009, a Roman Catholic archbishop in Durango wondered publicly why the authorities seemed unable to locate Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, the most sought-after cartel figure in the country, since he was widely known to be living nearby. According to the Los Angeles Times, most local media did not report the explosive comments, and copies of national papers that ran the story appeared on few newsstands. A day or two later, the archbishop backpedaled, claiming that he was simply repeating things of the sort people say to their pastor. Archbishop, “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , April 4, 2009. As a further safety measure, he began traveling with bodyguards and ordered an armored car. Tracy Wilkinson and Ken Ellingwood, “In Mexico’s drug battle, the public is missing in action,” Los Angeles Times , December 30, 2009. The timidity of the media in this case is common and understandable. Gangs have attacked newspaper offices and TV stations after they have published or aired stories attacking the cartels or exposing their ties to public officials. In March 2010, the National Human Rights Commission reported that at least 57 reporters had been killed over the past decade, 57 reporters killed, see Tracy Wilkinson, “Mexico crime reporters face deadly perils,” Los Angeles Times , December 29, 2009. supporting claims by the international Committee to Protect Journalists that Mexico is “one of the deadliest countries in the world” for reporters. Many journalists exercise self-censorship, ignoring stories on drug trafficking and confining their reporting to “weddings, quinceañeras, and baptisms.” “Weddings,” see “Mexico under siege,” Los Angeles Times , June 11, 2008. In a stunning admission of helplessness, El Diario, the largest daily newspaper in Ciudad Juárez, after two staffers had been murdered by drug gangs, ran a front-page editorial on September 19, 2010, asking cartel “Lords” to “explain to us what you want from us. What are we supposed to publish or not publish, so we know what to abide by. You are at this time the de facto authorities in this city because the legal authorities have not been able to stop our colleagues from falling.” Randal Archibold, “Mexico paper, a drug war victim, calls for a voice,” New York Times , September 20, 2010.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, Cartels, corruption, carnage, and cooperation. OpenStax CNX. May 23, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11293/1.2
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