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  • Pointing
  • Summarizing

Each are described fully by Peter Elbow in his book called Writing Without Teachers , a book we highly recommend. The excerpts provided here are a useful starting point,especially the section called "Giving Movies of Your Mind," which includes Pointing and Sumarizing.

Element #1 of Effective Feedback


Elbow writes:

"Start by simply pointing to the words and phrases which most succcessfully penetrated your skull...somehow they rang true;or they carried special conviction. Any kind of getting through...Also point to any words or phrases which strike you as particularly weak or empty.Somehow they ring false, hollow, plastic. They bounce ineffectually off your skull." (p. 85)

"As a reader giving your reactions, keep in mind that you are not answering a timeless, theorectical question about theobjective qualities of those words on that page. You are answering atime-bound, subjective but factual question: what happened to you when you read the words this time ." (p.85)

Element #2 of Effective Feedback

Summarizing - Tell your Learner "very quickly what you found to be the main points, main feelings, or centers of gravity [in theirwriting]...Summarize into a single sentence; then choose one word...Dothis informally. Don't plan or think too much about it. The point is to show the writer what things he made stand out most in your head." (p. 86)


How not to give feedback:

In your feedback , do not use words like "good", "great", "nice" or "bad." They are words that do not help a person improve.For example, let's say you wrote a short story and then you gave your short story to a friend or a colleague to read. If that person said, "Hey, that storyyou gave to me to read was really good," you might perk up and feel happy about the compliment, but it does not help you improve as a writer.

Feedback that would be more helpful is as follows:

  • "Hey, I read the short story you sent to me. The part where you talked about training your dog made me laugh out loud: 'When I commanded Spiketo give me his paw, he just rolled over, yawned, and gave me his belly to rub.'" (Pointing/Movie of the Mind)
  • Another example of effective feedback is: "My mind started to wander when you started talking about the cows. I tuned out for a while and then Iwas listening again when you talked about crossing the river. At the description 'tree branches and rocks swirled past me like a hurricane;the sky darkened to a coal-gray' I could feel my heart starting to pound in my chest." (Pointing/Movie of the Mind)
  • An example of "summarizing" might be: "Home. The comfort of home - its foods, smells, the conversations. Home is like an anchor for yourcharacter; it keeps her from drifting off. That's what stays with me after reading your piece."

Responses 1, 2, and 3 from above are more valuable to you than the "good", "nice" or "bad" comments of ineffective feedback becauseyou are receiving specific information about content - how something in your story affected that particular reader at that particulartime (Note: not all readers for all eternity, simply that reader at that time). As the writer, you can then choose to re-write or keep those sectionsthe reader pointed to. That's up to you as the writer. You listen to the feedback and then you have control over what you change or don't change.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Course 3: assessment practices. OpenStax CNX. Mar 13, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10337/1.11
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