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Impact was a factor in deciding on the decision-making approach. When decisions would have life impacting results for students, such as being arrested or not receiving a high school diploma, they personally made the decision without input. Principals’ perceptions that for students’ best interest to be fairly represented they had to make high impact decisions were reflected in the statement, “People believe that magically as ninth graders they should be responsible” (Midwest High School Principal 83, 6/18/2006).

Another important factor was that stakeholders want a voice—but may not want to make the decision. “They really want to be sure that they’re heard and listened to. It doesn’t mean that necessarily they [ sic ] want to make the decisions,” (Midwest Middle School Principal 73, 1/19/2006). A middle school principal suggested that in giving opportunities for input, there should be accountability to do what is best for students, rather than accountability for the result to be held solely by the principal.

While some want voice, others do not participate. Midwest Elementary Principal 57 (6/2/2006) perceived that teachers were either unwilling or did not have the knowledge or skills to collaborate. Southwest Elementary Principal 33, 1/3/2006 said, “… I have to educate and convince all the stakeholders that the vision that I have as the hired instructional leader is the right vision which affects almost every decision that I make. …We spend a lot of time talking about, What is consensus [ sic ].”

A challenging factor was the lack of commitment of time as Middle School Principal 71 became aware in a surprising encounter with a 35 year veteran teacher, “She stopped me mid stream of the discussion and she said “As a building leader, I need you to tell me what to do, ok?” (1/19/2006). Teachers may believe that decision-making is the principal’s role. “We have a lot of opportunities for shared decision-making. What we found, … the teachers really don’t have the time, and so, if you plan meetings for them to get their input, there are a lot of times when they will say, just do it,” (Southeast Elementary Principal 20, 5/27/2005). At times principals also made a decision not to take teachers out of class for decision-making. Southeast Elementary Principal 21 (5/27/2005) indicated, “but you don’t have a teacher in the classroom doing what they really need to be doing, teaching the children.”

Theme 2: leadership decision-making

If stakeholders are to be involved, they want to know what decisions are to be made and how their input will be used (Midwest K-8 School Principal 70, 1/19/2006). High school principals expressed that stakeholders want to be involved if the decision affects them. This belief was stated by Midwest High School Principal 77 (10/17/2005)

… most people want to be involved because they want to feel some ownership in the process, they want to have some buy-in. If they have that, they’re more likely to give you their best effort than if it just comes out and you say this is what we’re going to do.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 2 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11360/1.3
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