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Impact was a factor in deciding on the decision-making approach. When decisions would have life impacting results for students, such as being arrested or not receiving a high school diploma, they personally made the decision without input. Principals’ perceptions that for students’ best interest to be fairly represented they had to make high impact decisions were reflected in the statement, “People believe that magically as ninth graders they should be responsible” (Midwest High School Principal 83, 6/18/2006).

Another important factor was that stakeholders want a voice—but may not want to make the decision. “They really want to be sure that they’re heard and listened to. It doesn’t mean that necessarily they [ sic ] want to make the decisions,” (Midwest Middle School Principal 73, 1/19/2006). A middle school principal suggested that in giving opportunities for input, there should be accountability to do what is best for students, rather than accountability for the result to be held solely by the principal.

While some want voice, others do not participate. Midwest Elementary Principal 57 (6/2/2006) perceived that teachers were either unwilling or did not have the knowledge or skills to collaborate. Southwest Elementary Principal 33, 1/3/2006 said, “… I have to educate and convince all the stakeholders that the vision that I have as the hired instructional leader is the right vision which affects almost every decision that I make. …We spend a lot of time talking about, What is consensus [ sic ].”

A challenging factor was the lack of commitment of time as Middle School Principal 71 became aware in a surprising encounter with a 35 year veteran teacher, “She stopped me mid stream of the discussion and she said “As a building leader, I need you to tell me what to do, ok?” (1/19/2006). Teachers may believe that decision-making is the principal’s role. “We have a lot of opportunities for shared decision-making. What we found, … the teachers really don’t have the time, and so, if you plan meetings for them to get their input, there are a lot of times when they will say, just do it,” (Southeast Elementary Principal 20, 5/27/2005). At times principals also made a decision not to take teachers out of class for decision-making. Southeast Elementary Principal 21 (5/27/2005) indicated, “but you don’t have a teacher in the classroom doing what they really need to be doing, teaching the children.”

Theme 2: leadership decision-making

If stakeholders are to be involved, they want to know what decisions are to be made and how their input will be used (Midwest K-8 School Principal 70, 1/19/2006). High school principals expressed that stakeholders want to be involved if the decision affects them. This belief was stated by Midwest High School Principal 77 (10/17/2005)

… most people want to be involved because they want to feel some ownership in the process, they want to have some buy-in. If they have that, they’re more likely to give you their best effort than if it just comes out and you say this is what we’re going to do.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 2 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11360/1.3
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