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The failure (or disinterest) of government to turn more frequently to the NAS for strictly scientific (as opposed to policy) assistance was a perennial complaint among its more ambitious members. Thus creation of the NRC was primarily an attempt to revitalize the NAS system, with establishment of Karl Compton's 1933-35 Science Advisory Board within the NRC a further attempt. Indeed, the first report of the Compton board suggested, “Arguments can be presented for the value of such a Board to implement and increase the effectiveness of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council. For example, there is undoubted aid in the prestige and authority of appointment by the President of the United States in dealing with the new officers of any Administration.” Report of the Science Advisory Board: July 31, 1933 to September 1, 1934 , op. cit. , 13. In other words, the Compton board saw a special relationship between science and the president as being in the public interest.

When the Compton board was established, it seemed reasonable that university research could substantially aid the New Deal's recovery plan and that modification of the NRC system would be a reasonable way for government to assist in the recovery of the university research system itself.

To the extent that the Compton board’s rejected proposals qualified as a blueprint for a national science policy, they differed in several respects from those that were proposed four years later by the National Resources Committee. First, of course, they restricted their definition of "science" to the natural sciences and engineering. Second, they assigned a high priority to the health of science itself as well as ways science could aid the Roosevelt administration’s recovery efforts. Third, its proposals for government support to universities were seen as a pragmatic, short-term experiment rather than a fundamental change in the relationship between science and government. Finally, that support was to be filtered and monitored by the non-governmental NRC.

By the 1930s, the natural sciences had had almost a century and a half of experience in dealing with government. During that time, science outside of government had grown accustomed to being government’s equal partner, particularly since most often it was government that required assistance from science, and not vice-versa. By World War I, American science had established a substantial internal governance system based on traditions extending back to the founding of the Royal Society of London in 1660 and buttressed by adaptation of the German research university model during the late nineteenth century. A central tenet of that system was that intrinsic scientific merit, as judged by scientific peers, was the basis for an individual’s standing. Autonomy, or the guarantee of non-interference from the non-scientific world, was regarded as a necessary precondition for optimizing the pursuit of scientific merit.

Changing white house priorities

As the second and third volumes of Research: A National Resource neared completion, the White House became preoccupied with the war in Europe. In June 1940, five days after the fall of France, President Roosevelt accepted Vannevar Bush's proposal for a special relationship between government and those scientific disciplines that could help with the rapid advancement and deployment of new military technologies.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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