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The failure (or disinterest) of government to turn more frequently to the NAS for strictly scientific (as opposed to policy) assistance was a perennial complaint among its more ambitious members. Thus creation of the NRC was primarily an attempt to revitalize the NAS system, with establishment of Karl Compton's 1933-35 Science Advisory Board within the NRC a further attempt. Indeed, the first report of the Compton board suggested, “Arguments can be presented for the value of such a Board to implement and increase the effectiveness of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council. For example, there is undoubted aid in the prestige and authority of appointment by the President of the United States in dealing with the new officers of any Administration.” Report of the Science Advisory Board: July 31, 1933 to September 1, 1934 , op. cit. , 13. In other words, the Compton board saw a special relationship between science and the president as being in the public interest.

When the Compton board was established, it seemed reasonable that university research could substantially aid the New Deal's recovery plan and that modification of the NRC system would be a reasonable way for government to assist in the recovery of the university research system itself.

To the extent that the Compton board’s rejected proposals qualified as a blueprint for a national science policy, they differed in several respects from those that were proposed four years later by the National Resources Committee. First, of course, they restricted their definition of "science" to the natural sciences and engineering. Second, they assigned a high priority to the health of science itself as well as ways science could aid the Roosevelt administration’s recovery efforts. Third, its proposals for government support to universities were seen as a pragmatic, short-term experiment rather than a fundamental change in the relationship between science and government. Finally, that support was to be filtered and monitored by the non-governmental NRC.

By the 1930s, the natural sciences had had almost a century and a half of experience in dealing with government. During that time, science outside of government had grown accustomed to being government’s equal partner, particularly since most often it was government that required assistance from science, and not vice-versa. By World War I, American science had established a substantial internal governance system based on traditions extending back to the founding of the Royal Society of London in 1660 and buttressed by adaptation of the German research university model during the late nineteenth century. A central tenet of that system was that intrinsic scientific merit, as judged by scientific peers, was the basis for an individual’s standing. Autonomy, or the guarantee of non-interference from the non-scientific world, was regarded as a necessary precondition for optimizing the pursuit of scientific merit.

Changing white house priorities

As the second and third volumes of Research: A National Resource neared completion, the White House became preoccupied with the war in Europe. In June 1940, five days after the fall of France, President Roosevelt accepted Vannevar Bush's proposal for a special relationship between government and those scientific disciplines that could help with the rapid advancement and deployment of new military technologies.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
in a comparison of the stages of meiosis to the stage of mitosis, which stages are unique to meiosis and which stages have the same event in botg meiosis and mitosis
Leah Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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