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The board’s second annual report was considerably more ambitious. Report of the Science Advisory Board: September 1, 1934, to August 31, 1935 , 11. Its first section proposed “A National Program for Putting Science to Work for the National Welfare.” Many scientists regarded it as a proposal “Putting Science to Work for the Welfare of Science”—the beginning of a long argument by scientists and engineers that if science is to serve the public good, the nation had to be concerned with the welfare of science itself.

Compton and his board asked the President to appropriate $5 million annually over a five-year trial period for the support of science and engineering research outside of government—primarily in universities—as a basis for public works programs and a means to provide work for unemployed scientists. The program would use existing university facilities to conduct research regarded as being consistent with national needs, thus linking science with social and economic objectives while providing financial resources for science itself.

Roosevelt turned the proposal over for evaluation by Delano, Charles Merriam, and Wesley Mitchell, all of whom regarded it as too narrowly emphasizing the natural sciences and engineering. Since both Merriam and Mitchell were members of the board’s Committee on the Relations between Fundamental Science and the Study of Human Problems, they very likely had some foreknowledge of its proposed program. Delano wrote bluntly to Compton in December 1935, “I feel, and I think I may safely say that my colleagues feel, that we cannot undertake the program for pure and applied science without considering the merits of similar but doubtless ambitious programs of the social sciences, of economics, and of education in general.” Dupree, op. cit ., 356 Shortly thereafter, the Science Advisory Board was allowed to die a quiet death. The board’s demise was partly due to the failure of Compton and his colleagues to make a convincing argument for special federal treatment of natural science and engineering, and partly due to the New Deal’s priorities in 1934-35, when the focus was still on immediate relief measures. The plight of unemployed scientists did not loom large in this scheme of things. The Works Project Administration (WPA), which employed writers and actors, for example, in addition to civil engineers, architects, and trained craftsmen, was a second term New Deal initiative. Members of the Science Advisory Board also had failed to grasp the realities of the New Deal's intellectual-political environment, in which many of their academic colleagues from the social sciences exerted considerable influence.

The travails of the Compton committee had a long history. Many leading American colonists believed that science was essential to a progressive nation. In 1743, Benjamin Franklin founded the American Philosophical Society for the purpose of “promoting useful knowledge”; (External Link) . the Boston-based American Academy of Arts and Sciences was established along the same lines in 1790, with President John Adams one of the prime movers. Several participants in the 1787 Constitutional Convention, convinced that science was integral to the public good, wanted to write into the Constitution far-reaching authority for the executive branch to engage in and support scientific activities. Faced with strong opposition from delegates concerned with states’ rights, they had to settle for granting authority to the executive branch to grant patents, control standards of weights and measures, and conduct a decennial federal census. Even efforts to foster science with charitable contributions met opposition: When George Washington bestowed land to the federal government for establishing a national university, his gift was turned down by Congress on the grounds that it would have bestowed control of an internal improvement on the federal government. Internal improvements were what we would now call infrastructure developments, including roads, bridges, canals, and institutions of higher education. A few years later, the same argument killed Thomas Jefferson’s attempt to establish a national university.

Questions & Answers

List and explain four factors of production
Vuyo Reply
capital labour entrepreneur natural resources
Thembi
What is supply
Ogodo Reply
when the supply decreases demand also decreases
Thembi
types of demand and the explanation
akin Reply
what is demand
akin Reply
other things remaining same if demend is increases supply is also decrease and if demend is decrease supply is also increases is called the demand
Mian
if the demand increase supply also increases
Thembi
you are wrong this is the law of demand and not the definition
Tarasum
Demand is the willingness of buy and ability to buy in a specific time period in specific place. Mian you are saying law of demand but not in proper way. you have to keep studying more. because its very basic things in Economics.
Hamza
Demand is the price of Quantity goods and services in which consumer's are willing and able to offer at a price in the market over a period of time
Umar
Demand is the quantity of goods and services that the consumer are willing and able to buy at a alternative prices over a given period of time. But mind you demand is quite different from need and want.
Tarasum
Demand can be defined as the graphical representation between price&demand
alkasim
sorry demand is nt a graphical representation between price and quantity demand but instead that is demand curve.
Ebrima
Demand is the willingness and ability of a consumer to buy a quantity of a good over a given period of time assuming all other things remain constant.
Vedaant
what is commercialization?
Doris Reply
How to talk loan for bank?
Alfred Reply
what is the meaning of gpa?
Ritisha Reply
Answer: GPA stands for Grade Point Average. It is a standard way of measuring academic achievement in the U.S. Basically, it goes as follows: Each course is given a certain number of "units" or "credits", depending on the content of the course.
Yusuf
what is small and Microbuisenes
tadesse Reply
What is fiscal policy
Dansofo
Who is the funder of Economic
Dansofo
founder , that is Adam Smith
Daniel
what is model
Daniel Reply
The wealth of Nations
Yusuf Reply
the wealth of nations, is it the first?
Umar
Yes very sure it was released in 1759
Yusuf
thank you Yusuf.
Umar
then when did he died?
Umar
17 July 1790 Born: 16 June 1723, Kirkcaldy, United Kingdom Place of death: Panmure House, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Yusuf
1790
Yusuf
that's my today questions, thank you Yusuf it's bed time see u after.
Umar
what is fiscal policy
kemigisha Reply
what's mode?
Umar Reply
mode is the highest occurring frequency in a distribution
Bola
mode is the most commonly occurring item in a set of data.
Umar
Please, what is the difference between monopoly and monopsony?
Olaleye Reply
is there monopsony word?
Umar
I have no idea though
Umar
please, in which year Adam smith was born?
Umar
monopsony is when there's only one buyer while monopoly is when there's only one producer.
Bola
who have idea on Banter
Ibrahim
like trade by barter?
Bola
Monopoly is when there's excessively one seller and there is no entry in the market while monopsony is when there is one buyer
kemigisha
Adam smith was born in 1723
Bola
 (uncountable) Good humoured, playful, typically spontaneous conversation. verb (intransitive) To engage in banter or playful conversation. (intransitive) To play or do something amusing. (transitive) To tease mildly.
Umar
which book Adam smith published first? the first book of Adam smith pls.
Umar
wealth on nation, 1776
Daniel
what is market power and how can it affect an economy?
Gab Reply
market power:- where a firm is said to be a price setter.market power benefits the powerful at the expense of others.
Umar
Market power refers to the ability of a firm (or group of firms) to raise and maintain price above the level that would prevail under competition is referred to as market or monopoly power. The exercise of market power leads to reduced output and loss of economic welfare
Kartheek
find information about the national budget
Molahlegi
three branches of economics in which tourism is likely to figure
Makgotso Reply
What are those three branches?
IlRegno
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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