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The board’s second annual report was considerably more ambitious. Report of the Science Advisory Board: September 1, 1934, to August 31, 1935 , 11. Its first section proposed “A National Program for Putting Science to Work for the National Welfare.” Many scientists regarded it as a proposal “Putting Science to Work for the Welfare of Science”—the beginning of a long argument by scientists and engineers that if science is to serve the public good, the nation had to be concerned with the welfare of science itself.

Compton and his board asked the President to appropriate $5 million annually over a five-year trial period for the support of science and engineering research outside of government—primarily in universities—as a basis for public works programs and a means to provide work for unemployed scientists. The program would use existing university facilities to conduct research regarded as being consistent with national needs, thus linking science with social and economic objectives while providing financial resources for science itself.

Roosevelt turned the proposal over for evaluation by Delano, Charles Merriam, and Wesley Mitchell, all of whom regarded it as too narrowly emphasizing the natural sciences and engineering. Since both Merriam and Mitchell were members of the board’s Committee on the Relations between Fundamental Science and the Study of Human Problems, they very likely had some foreknowledge of its proposed program. Delano wrote bluntly to Compton in December 1935, “I feel, and I think I may safely say that my colleagues feel, that we cannot undertake the program for pure and applied science without considering the merits of similar but doubtless ambitious programs of the social sciences, of economics, and of education in general.” Dupree, op. cit ., 356 Shortly thereafter, the Science Advisory Board was allowed to die a quiet death. The board’s demise was partly due to the failure of Compton and his colleagues to make a convincing argument for special federal treatment of natural science and engineering, and partly due to the New Deal’s priorities in 1934-35, when the focus was still on immediate relief measures. The plight of unemployed scientists did not loom large in this scheme of things. The Works Project Administration (WPA), which employed writers and actors, for example, in addition to civil engineers, architects, and trained craftsmen, was a second term New Deal initiative. Members of the Science Advisory Board also had failed to grasp the realities of the New Deal's intellectual-political environment, in which many of their academic colleagues from the social sciences exerted considerable influence.

The travails of the Compton committee had a long history. Many leading American colonists believed that science was essential to a progressive nation. In 1743, Benjamin Franklin founded the American Philosophical Society for the purpose of “promoting useful knowledge”; (External Link) . the Boston-based American Academy of Arts and Sciences was established along the same lines in 1790, with President John Adams one of the prime movers. Several participants in the 1787 Constitutional Convention, convinced that science was integral to the public good, wanted to write into the Constitution far-reaching authority for the executive branch to engage in and support scientific activities. Faced with strong opposition from delegates concerned with states’ rights, they had to settle for granting authority to the executive branch to grant patents, control standards of weights and measures, and conduct a decennial federal census. Even efforts to foster science with charitable contributions met opposition: When George Washington bestowed land to the federal government for establishing a national university, his gift was turned down by Congress on the grounds that it would have bestowed control of an internal improvement on the federal government. Internal improvements were what we would now call infrastructure developments, including roads, bridges, canals, and institutions of higher education. A few years later, the same argument killed Thomas Jefferson’s attempt to establish a national university.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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