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Arithmetic operators

The division operation in Listing 2 introduced the use of arithmetic operators.

In computer programming jargon, we speak of operators and operands. Operators operate on operands.

As a real-world example, if you were to go to the hospital for knee surgery, the surgeon would be the operator and you would be the operand . The surgeon would operate on you.

Binary operators

The operators that we will use in the modules in this collection will usually be restricted to those that have two operands, a left operand and a right operand . (Operators with two operands are commonly called binary operators .)

In the function named getHalf in Listing 2 , the "/" character is the division operator. The left operand is incomingParameter and the right operand is 2 . The result is that the incoming parameteris divided by the right operand (2).

Binary arithmetic operators

The binary arithmetic operators supported by JavaScript are shown in Figure 3 .

Figure 3 . Binary arithmetic operators.
+ Addition: Adds the operands - Subtraction: Subtracts the right operand from the left operand* Multiplication: Multiplies the operands / Division: Divides the left operand by the right operand% Modulus: Returns integer remainder of dividing the left operand by the right operand

We will use these operators extensively as we work through the physics exercises in future modules.


Of the four items listed under Structured programming earlier, the simplest one is sequence .

The concept of sequence in structured programming simply means that code statements can be executed in sequential order. Listing 2 provides a good example of the sequential execution of statements. The code in Listing 2 shows four sequential statements that begin with document.write.


The next item that we will discuss from the list under Structured programming is selection . While not as simple as sequence , selection is something that you probably do many times each day without even thinking about it. Therefore, once you understand it, it isn'tcomplicated.

General syntax for selection statement

The general syntax for a selection statement (often called an if-else statement) is shown in Figure 4 .

Figure 4 . General syntax for selection statement.
if(conditional expression is true){ execute code}else{//optional execute alternative code}//end selection statement

A selection statement performs a logical test that returns either true or false. Depending on the result, specific code is executed to control thebehavior of the script.

A real-world analogy

Figure 5 shows a real-world analogy of a selection statement that you might make on your day off.

Figure 5 . Real-world analogy of a selection statement.
if(it is not raining){ Play tennisGo for a walk Relax on the beach}else{//optional Make popcornWatch TV }//end selection statement

In this analogy, you would check outside to confirm that it is not raining. If the condition is true (meaning that it isn't raining), you wouldplay tennis, go for a walk, and then relax on the beach. If it is raining, (meaning that the test condition is false), you would make some popcorn and relax in front of theTV.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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Source:  OpenStax, Accessible physics concepts for blind students. OpenStax CNX. Oct 02, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11294/1.36
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