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In Frames of Mind Howard Gardner treated the personal intelligences "as a piece." Because of their close association in mostcultures, they are often linked together. However, he still argues that it makes sense to think of two forms of personal intelligence. Gardner claimedthat the seven intelligences rarely operate independently. They are used at the same time and tend to complement each other as people develop skills orsolve problems.

In essence, Howard Gardner argues that he was making two essential claims about multiple intelligences:

  • The theory is an account of human cognition in its fullness. The intelligences provided "a new definition of human nature,cognitively speaking" (Gardner 1999: 44). Human beings are organisms who possess a basic set of intelligences.
  • People have a unique blend of intelligences. Gardner argues that the big challenge facing the deployment of human resources "is how to besttake advantage of the uniqueness conferred on us as a species exhibiting several intelligences."

Also, these intelligences, according to Howard Gardner, are amoral - they can be put to constructive or destructive use.

The appeal of multiple intelligences

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences has not been readily accepted within academic psychology. However, it hasmet with a strong positive response from many educators. It has been embraced by a range of educational theorists, and, significantly, appliedby teachers and policymakers to the challenges of schooling. A number of schools have looked to structure curricula according to theintelligences, and to design classrooms and even whole schools to reflect the understandings that Howard Gardner develops. The theory can also befound in use within pre-school, higher, vocational, and adult-education initiatives.

This appeal was not, at first, obvious.

At first, this diagnosis would appear to sound a "death knell" for formal education. It is hard to teach one intelligence; what ifthere are seven? It is hard to enough to teach even when anything can be taught; what to do if there are distinct limits and strong constraints onhuman cognition and learning?

Howard Gardner responds to these questions by firstmaking the point that psychology does not directly dictate education, "It merely helps one to understand the conditions within which education takesplace." Even more: Seven kinds of intelligence would allow seven ways to teach, rather than one. In addition, paradoxically, constraints can besuggestive and ultimately freeing.

Mindy L. Kornhaber, a researcher at Harvard University, has identified a number of reasons why teachers andpolicymakers have responded positively to Howard Gardner's presentation of multiple intelligences. Among these are the fact that the theoryvalidates educators' everyday experience: students think and learn in many different ways. It also provides educators with a conceptualframework for organizing and reflecting on curriculum assessment and pedagogical practices. In turn, this reflection has led many educators todevelop new approaches that might better meet the needs of the range of learners in their classrooms.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Course 1: education for the new millennium. OpenStax CNX. Jun 30, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10336/1.15
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