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In Frames of Mind Howard Gardner treated the personal intelligences "as a piece." Because of their close association in mostcultures, they are often linked together. However, he still argues that it makes sense to think of two forms of personal intelligence. Gardner claimedthat the seven intelligences rarely operate independently. They are used at the same time and tend to complement each other as people develop skills orsolve problems.

In essence, Howard Gardner argues that he was making two essential claims about multiple intelligences:

  • The theory is an account of human cognition in its fullness. The intelligences provided "a new definition of human nature,cognitively speaking" (Gardner 1999: 44). Human beings are organisms who possess a basic set of intelligences.
  • People have a unique blend of intelligences. Gardner argues that the big challenge facing the deployment of human resources "is how to besttake advantage of the uniqueness conferred on us as a species exhibiting several intelligences."

Also, these intelligences, according to Howard Gardner, are amoral - they can be put to constructive or destructive use.

The appeal of multiple intelligences

Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences has not been readily accepted within academic psychology. However, it hasmet with a strong positive response from many educators. It has been embraced by a range of educational theorists, and, significantly, appliedby teachers and policymakers to the challenges of schooling. A number of schools have looked to structure curricula according to theintelligences, and to design classrooms and even whole schools to reflect the understandings that Howard Gardner develops. The theory can also befound in use within pre-school, higher, vocational, and adult-education initiatives.

This appeal was not, at first, obvious.

At first, this diagnosis would appear to sound a "death knell" for formal education. It is hard to teach one intelligence; what ifthere are seven? It is hard to enough to teach even when anything can be taught; what to do if there are distinct limits and strong constraints onhuman cognition and learning?

Howard Gardner responds to these questions by firstmaking the point that psychology does not directly dictate education, "It merely helps one to understand the conditions within which education takesplace." Even more: Seven kinds of intelligence would allow seven ways to teach, rather than one. In addition, paradoxically, constraints can besuggestive and ultimately freeing.

Mindy L. Kornhaber, a researcher at Harvard University, has identified a number of reasons why teachers andpolicymakers have responded positively to Howard Gardner's presentation of multiple intelligences. Among these are the fact that the theoryvalidates educators' everyday experience: students think and learn in many different ways. It also provides educators with a conceptualframework for organizing and reflecting on curriculum assessment and pedagogical practices. In turn, this reflection has led many educators todevelop new approaches that might better meet the needs of the range of learners in their classrooms.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Course 1: education for the new millennium. OpenStax CNX. Jun 30, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10336/1.15
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