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Magnetic field due to current in circular wire is largely axial. It means that we need to concentrate our investigation of magnetic field on axial positions. One of the important axial positions is center of the circular wire itself. We shall limit our discussion in this module to this case of magnetic field at the center of circular coil. The procedure for deriving expression for the magnetic field due to current in circular wire is same as that of current carrying straight wire. Here also, we make use of superposition principle whereby we combine the small magnetic fields due to each of the small current elements composing the circular coil.

Circular wire is considered to be composed of small linear current elements. We determine magnetic field due to each of the linear current elements applying Biot-Savart law. Finally, we determine net magnetic field using superposition principle (i.e. by determining vector sum of magnetic fields due to all current elements).

In general, the bending of current carrying wire in circular shape has the effect of strengthening or localizing magnetic field in narrower region about the axis.

Direction of magnetic field (right hand thumb rule)

Let us consider two diametrically opposite small current elements on the circular wire. The magnetic field lines are compressed inside the circle as it accommodates all the circular closed lines drawn outside. This compression of magnetic field lines is maximum at the center. In the figure here, we consider the circular coil in horizontal plane. The magnetic field lines being perpendicular to current elements are in the plane of drawing.

Magnetic field due to current in circular wire

Magnetic field lines due to oppositely placed current elements

Such is the case with any other pair of current elements as well. This means that magnetic field line passing though axis is reinforced by all such diametrically opposite pairs of current element. The magnetic field due to current in circular wire, therefore, is nearly axial.

The observations as above are the basis of Right hand thumb rule for current in circular wire. If we orient right hand such that curl of fingers follows the direction of current in the circular wire, then extended thumb points in the direction of magnetic field at its center.

Right hand thumb rule

If we orient right hand such that curl of fingers follows the direction of current in the circular wire, then extended thumb points in the direction of magnetic field at its center.

Right hand thumb rules for straight wire and circular wire are opposite in the notations. The curl of hand represents magnetic field in the case of straight wire, whereas it represents current in the case of circular wire. Similarly, the extended thumb represents current in the case of straight wire, whereas it represents magnetic field in the case of circular wire.

There is yet another simple way to find the direction of axial magnetic field at the center. Just look at the circular loop facing it. If the current is clockwise, then magnetic field is away from you and if the current is anticlockwise, then magnetic field is towards you.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Electricity and magnetism. OpenStax CNX. Oct 20, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10909/1.13
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