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Symbol 2

Symbol 2
Symbol 2 is obviously some sort of plant, one with elliptical leaves and yellowish berries. It is also presented in a circular shape that providesthe border for the images of the silk, resembling both a wreath and a laurel. In our earlier work on dictionaries of symbolism, we found a book that may help here: Nature and its symbols .We find Laurel listed in the index.
Laurel. Meanings: Victory, eternal life, attribute of the allegory of Victory. From Lucia Impelluso, Nature and its symbols (2004).
The summary is accompanied by a brief description of the use of the laurel as a symbol throughout history. Here is just a paragraph:
"In ancient Rome, the laurel tree was sacred to Jove, and victorious generals used to send messengers ahead to offer laurel branches to the god's statue on the Capitol in Rome. Thegeneral would then enter the city carrying laurel branches as emblems of his victory."
From Lucia Impelluso, Nature and its symbols (2004).
Let's look in another source found in our thread that seems even more likely to be an indexed reference work: James Hall's Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art (1994).Once we have the hard copy in our hands,we can look up our symbol alphabetically:
"Laurel. Once believed to be a protection against disease, the bay laurel was sacred to APOLLO, one of whose roles was that of healer and patron of medicine. It featured in Greek andRoman festivals in honour of the god; victors in his Pythian games of Delphi, which included contests of poetry and music, were awarded a laurel crown.... It was worn by Roman emperorswhen celebrating a triumph..."
from James Hall's Illustrated dictionary of symbols in eastern and western art
In a third source, Rupert Shepherd's 1000 Symbols: What Shapes Mean in Art and Myth (2002),found in close proximity to the others on the shelves,we find another way to approach the meaning of our symbol:
"Wreath. Since classical times wreaths have symbolized victory and have been held by personifications ofVICTORY.... In Ancient Egypt, 'wreaths of justification' made of OLIVE leaves were associated with the dead and with OSIRIS--the ruler of the next world--symbolizing the proven innocence ofthe deceased in the Hall of Judgement."
"Wreath." From Rupert Shepherd's 1000 Symbols: What Shapes Mean in Art and Myth (2002)
Let's look in a final source suggested by our experts, Meyer's A Handbook of Ornament .We find the Laurel associated with the olive:
"The Laurel and the Olive owe their introduction into ornamentation to their symbolic significance.... The Laurel was sacredto Apollo. It was the symbol of atonement; singers and conquering heroes were crowned with it; and in a similar sense it is still used as a symbol of glory. The Olive was sacred toAthens; Olive branches were the prize of victory at the Olympian games. In Rome the victorious, Laurel-crowned heroes were met on their return home by slaves bearing wreaths ofOlive boughs. The Olive branch is the symbol of peace."
Excerpt from Meyer's A Handbook of Ornament
We also find a few familiar images:
Drawing of "The Laurel and the Olive" from Meyer's A Handbook of Ornament
Drawing of "The Laurel, the Bay, and the Olive" from Meyer's A Handbook of Ornament
Let's review what we have learned so far.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Understanding material culture: deciphering the imagery of the "souvenir of egypt". OpenStax CNX. Oct 08, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10301/1.7
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