# 0.4 2d and 3d wavefronts  (Page 5/7)

 Page 5 / 7

A slit with a width of 2511 nm has green light of wavelength 532 nm impinge on it. The diffracted light interferers on a surface, at what angle will the first minimum be?

1. We know that we are dealing with interference patterns from the diffraction of light passing through a slit. The slit has a width of 2511 nm which is $2511×{10}^{-9}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{m}$ and we know that the wavelength of the light is 532 nm which is $532×{10}^{-9}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{m}$ . We are looking to determine the angle to first minimum so we know that $m=1$ .

2. We know that there is a relationship between the slit width, wavelength and interference minimum angles:

$sin\theta =\frac{m\lambda }{a}$

We can use this relationship to find the angle to the minimum by substituting what we know and solving for the angle.

3. $\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill sin\theta & =& \frac{532×{10}^{-9}\mathrm{m}}{2511×{10}^{-9}\mathrm{m}}\hfill \\ \hfill sin\theta & =& \frac{532}{2511}\hfill \\ \hfill sin\theta & =& 0.211867782\hfill \\ \hfill \theta & =& {sin}^{-1}0.211867782\hfill \\ \hfill \theta & =& 12.{2}^{o}\hfill \end{array}$

The first minimum is at 12.2 degrees from the centre peak.

From the formula $sin\theta =\frac{m\lambda }{a}$ you can see that a smaller wavelength for the same slit results in a smaller angle to the interference minimum. This is something you just saw in the two worked examples. Do a sanity check, go back and see if the answer makes sense. Ask yourself which light had the longer wavelength, which light had the larger angle and what do you expect for longer wavelengths from the formula.

A slit has a width which is unknown and has green light of wavelength 532 nm impinge on it. The diffracted light interferers on a surface, and the first minimum is measure at an angle of 20.77 degrees?

1. We know that we are dealing with interference patterns from the diffraction of light passing through a slit. We know that the wavelength of the light is 532 nm which is $532×{10}^{-9}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{m}$ . We know the angle to first minimum so we know that $m=1$ and $\theta =20.{77}^{\mathrm{o}}$ .

2. We know that there is a relationship between the slit width, wavelength and interference minimum angles:

$sin\theta =\frac{m\lambda }{a}$

We can use this relationship to find the width by substituting what we know and solving for the width.

3. $\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill sin\theta & =& \frac{532×{10}^{-9}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{m}}{a}\hfill \\ \hfill sin20.{77}^{o}& =& \frac{532×{10}^{-9}}{a}\hfill \\ \hfill a& =& \frac{532×{10}^{-9}}{0.354666667}\hfill \\ \hfill a& =& 1500×{10}^{-9}\hfill \\ \hfill a& =& 1500\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{nm}\hfill \end{array}$

The slit width is 1500 nm.

run demo

## Shock waves and sonic booms

Now we know that the waves move away from the source at the speed of sound. What happens if the source moves at the same time as emitting sounds? Once a sound wave has been emitted it is no longer connected to the source so if the source moves it doesn't change the way the sound wave is propagating through the medium. This means a source can actually catch up to the sound waves it has emitted.

The speed of sound is very fast in air, about $340\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}{\mathrm{m}·\mathrm{s}}^{-1}$ , so if we want to talk about a source catching up to sound waves then the source has to be able to move very fast. A good source of sound waves to discuss is a jet aircraft. Fighter jets can move very fast and they are very noisy so they are a good source of sound for our discussion. Here are the speeds for a selection of aircraft that can fly faster than the speed of sound.

 Aircraft speed at altitude ( ${\mathrm{km}·\mathrm{h}}^{-1}$ ) speed at altitude ( ${\mathrm{m}·\mathrm{s}}^{-1}$ ) Concorde 2 330 647 Gripen 2 410 669 Mirage F1 2 573 715 Mig 27 1 885 524 F 15 2 660 739 F 16 2 414 671

are nano particles real
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!

#### Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now! By OpenStax By Tod McGrath By Brooke Delaney By OpenStax By Jazzycazz Jackson By OpenStax By Anonymous User By Rohini Ajay By OpenStax By P. Wynn Norman