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In Europe, the response to this new level of support has been varied. In many respects it is similar to that of North America, although the institutional framework from within which this work is carried out is different. There is chronic underfunding for digital activities. Library and cultural heritage institutions attempt to fund digitization activities from their operating costs, but the pressure to maintain traditional core services, outreach, and a (robust) digitization program tips budgets to the breaking point. Moreover, cultural heritage institutions not only do not have a clear mandate to preserve digital materials (particularly when they are already preserving the analogue object), but frequently lack the expertise and resources to create and maintain preservation-level digital objects. Funding in Europe, like the United States, in the past seemed to thwart attempts by institutions—be they digital humanities centers, university libraries, or cultural heritage institutions—to take the long view and build infrastructure to support ongoing digital activities. Funding tends to be short term for specific projects encouraging, even today, the creation of digital silos rather than integrated resources. But these trends may be changing.

The United Kingdom was the first country to take a long view. In 1995, the Joint Information Systems Committee funded the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) at a national level to support data creation, awareness and education, collections, and preservation. 3   At its close thirteen years later, it employed ca. 25 staff and received funding from two national agencies of approximately £1,000,000 (with another million raised from project work). It was the most established, longest running digital creation, training, and curation program in the world. When funding was withdrawn at a single vote by the Board of the Arts and Humanities Research Council, a tremor was sent throughout the digital humanities community. Nevertheless, the model was in place long enough for digital humanists in other European countries to lobby for similar infrastructures. 

In Ireland, the Digital Humanities Observatory (DHO) was established in 2008 (only months after the cessation of the AHDS) to develop an all-island inter-institutional research infrastructure for the humanities by building a platform for the coordination and dissemination of humanities research, teaching, and training. Like the AHDS, the DHO has a three-pronged mission: to be a knowledge resource for digital scholarship in the areas of training, consultations, and the development of infrastructure.  The DHO was funded as part of a larger consortium involving the majority of higher institutions on the island of Ireland through a funding mechanism that supports large-scale inter-institutional frameworks, the Programme of Research in Third Level Institutions (PRTLI). 

This funding provided the vehicle for humanities researchers to seek funding for a national infrastructure rather than create mini digital humanities centers across Ireland. Nevertheless, the focus of the grant was not so much on developing strategic national e-resources but on funding individual researcher's projects, albeit with many of them delivered in digital form. Thus one of the challenges the DHO has faced is creating a coherence from these disparate projects within one repository. 

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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