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In Europe, the response to this new level of support has been varied. In many respects it is similar to that of North America, although the institutional framework from within which this work is carried out is different. There is chronic underfunding for digital activities. Library and cultural heritage institutions attempt to fund digitization activities from their operating costs, but the pressure to maintain traditional core services, outreach, and a (robust) digitization program tips budgets to the breaking point. Moreover, cultural heritage institutions not only do not have a clear mandate to preserve digital materials (particularly when they are already preserving the analogue object), but frequently lack the expertise and resources to create and maintain preservation-level digital objects. Funding in Europe, like the United States, in the past seemed to thwart attempts by institutions—be they digital humanities centers, university libraries, or cultural heritage institutions—to take the long view and build infrastructure to support ongoing digital activities. Funding tends to be short term for specific projects encouraging, even today, the creation of digital silos rather than integrated resources. But these trends may be changing.

The United Kingdom was the first country to take a long view. In 1995, the Joint Information Systems Committee funded the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) at a national level to support data creation, awareness and education, collections, and preservation. 3   At its close thirteen years later, it employed ca. 25 staff and received funding from two national agencies of approximately £1,000,000 (with another million raised from project work). It was the most established, longest running digital creation, training, and curation program in the world. When funding was withdrawn at a single vote by the Board of the Arts and Humanities Research Council, a tremor was sent throughout the digital humanities community. Nevertheless, the model was in place long enough for digital humanists in other European countries to lobby for similar infrastructures. 

In Ireland, the Digital Humanities Observatory (DHO) was established in 2008 (only months after the cessation of the AHDS) to develop an all-island inter-institutional research infrastructure for the humanities by building a platform for the coordination and dissemination of humanities research, teaching, and training. Like the AHDS, the DHO has a three-pronged mission: to be a knowledge resource for digital scholarship in the areas of training, consultations, and the development of infrastructure.  The DHO was funded as part of a larger consortium involving the majority of higher institutions on the island of Ireland through a funding mechanism that supports large-scale inter-institutional frameworks, the Programme of Research in Third Level Institutions (PRTLI). 

This funding provided the vehicle for humanities researchers to seek funding for a national infrastructure rather than create mini digital humanities centers across Ireland. Nevertheless, the focus of the grant was not so much on developing strategic national e-resources but on funding individual researcher's projects, albeit with many of them delivered in digital form. Thus one of the challenges the DHO has faced is creating a coherence from these disparate projects within one repository. 

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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