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In his paper on Sustainability, Jerry makes a number of challenging comments about the problem of sustainability. This is a hot-button issue in Europe as well, but the terms of engagement with it are somewhat different. What follows over the next few pages is another perspective on the “elephant in the room,” therefore, one that emerges from a different geographical starting point and therefore takes in a few different sidebar issues as a result.

Expectations of scholarship 

In between the mega macro level of the universe of scholarly communication and the micro level of an individual scholar's interests and projects lie a number of mediating layers of culture and context, and in these the European perspective differs somewhat from that in North America.  European governmental subsidization of higher education has a number of exceptionally positive effects on society and education, not least among them the leveling of the financial playing field for access to university study.  It also, however, creates a system of administration and oversight that transcends not just the individual department or disciplinary unit but all of the institutions in the country.  The need to distribute resources “fairly” creates the need to measure and compare outputs, not just between the sciences and the humanities, but between large and small universities, rural and urban centers, and research versus teaching-focused institutions.  There is open recognition that institutional missions differ, that disciplinary norms of quality and impact differ, and that the presence or absence of quantifiable and comparable output measures of a scholarly communications ecosystem varies widely between the disciplines. Yet at the end of the day a certain exact number of Euros or Pounds must be allocated to each player in the system, and while there is no good way of making this determination, there are lots and lots of bad ones.

Although Eugene Garfield, the father of such approaches to scientific impact assessment as citation analysis and journal impact factors, was US-based, it is not surprising that his ideas and inventions have been embraced by European government departments of education and research councils alike.   Tools such as the “H-Index” provide an elegantly simple way of saying precisely where an individual scholar sits in the hierarchy of production, placing a simple numeric value on her contribution to her field, which can easily be compared with the numeric values of her colleagues and competitors.  The problem is that outside of a few relatively restricted areas, these simple indices are not representative of any accepted definition of either the quality or the impact of the work in question.  The fact that much of the bibliometrics system is built upon citation analysis, and that citation analysis is neither supported to the same level by such database tools as Thompson Reuters ISI or Elsevier’s Scopus for all areas, nor is as relevant for all areas as for, e.g., particle physics, means that our lovely simple system of numeric indices ranking scholarly work is as dodgy a basis for funding allocation across a national system as is the political connection of one’s local minister of state or, for that matter, a dart board.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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