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Wind

Convecting air masses in the troposphere create air currents known as winds , due to horizontal differences in air pressure. Winds flow from a region of higher pressure to one of a lower pressure. Global air movement begins in the equatorial region because it receives more solar radiation. The general flow of air from the equator to the poles and back is disrupted, though, by the rotation of the earth. The earth's surface travels faster beneath the atmosphere at the equator and slower at the poles. This causes air masses moving to the north to be deflected to the right, and air masses moving south to be deflected to the left. This is known as the " Coriolis Effect ." The result is the creation of six huge convection cells situated at different latitudes. Belts of prevailing surface winds form and distribute air and moisture over the earth.

Jet streams are extremely strong bands of winds that form in or near the tropopause due to large air pressure differentials. Wind speeds can reach as high as 200 kilometers per hour. In North America, there are two main jet streams: the polar jet stream, which occurs between the westerlies and the polar easterlies, and the subtropical jet stream, which occurs between the trade winds and the westerlies.

Weather

The term weather refers to the short term changes in the physical characteristics of the troposphere. These physical characteristics include: temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, cloud cover, wind speed and direction. Radiant energy from the sun is the power source for weather. It drives the convective mixing in the troposphere which determines the atmospheric and surface weather conditions.

Certain atmospheric conditions can lead to extreme weather phenomena such as thunderstorms, floods, tornadoes and hurricanes. A thunderstorm forms in a region of atmospheric instability, often occurring at the boundary between cold and warm fronts. Warm, moist air rises rapidly (updraft) while cooler air flows down to the surface (downdraft). Thunderstorms produce intense rainfall, lightning and thunder. If the atmospheric instability is very large and there is a large increase in wind strength with altitude (vertical wind shear), the thunderstorm may become severe. A severe thunderstorm can produce flash floods, hail, violent surface winds and tornadoes.

Floods can occur when atmospheric conditions allow a storm to remain in a given area for a length of time, or when a severe thunderstorm dumps very large amounts of rainfall in a short time period. When the ground becomes saturated with water, he excess runoff flows into low-lying areas or rivers and causes flooding.

A tornado begins in a severe thunderstorm. Vertical wind shear causes the updraft in the storm to rotate and form a funnel. The rotational wind speeds increase and vertical stretching occurs due to angular momentum. As air is drawn into the funnel core, it cools rapidly and condenses to form a visible funnel cloud. The funnel cloud descends to the surface as more air is drawn in. Wind speeds in tornadoes can reach several hundred miles per hour. Tornadoes are most prevelant in the Great Plains region of the United States, forming when cold dry polar air from Canada collides with warm moist tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico.

Questions & Answers

What is demand
TECK Reply
the amount of a good that buyers are willing and able to purchase
Asit
what is population
Amadou Reply
The people living within a political or geographical boundary.
Ziyodilla
what happens to price and quantity when demand curves shift to the right
Asha Reply
price level goes up. quantity demand increases
Asit
example- inferior goods
Asit
demand law
Athony
Its states that higher the price the of the commodity, and lower the quantity demanded
Kosiso
I am confused but quantity demand will increase.
Asit
No. That's the law of supply
Kosiso
what happens to price and quantity when supply curve shifts left?
Asha Reply
price level will increase
Asit
quantity demand will decrease
Asit
what is inflation
Pop Reply
inflation is a general and ongoing rise in the level of prices in an entire economy.
cynthia
is the pasistance increase in the price of a country economy
Liyu
kk
Duppy
yes
Aadi
how does inflation affects the economy of a country? what is deflation?
Augustine
deflation can simply be define as the persistence decrease in price of a countrys economy
Liyu
the revenge of malthus relates "revenge" with "commodity prices". collect data for 3 commodoties and check their price evolution
Jamshi Reply
what is elasticity
dubela Reply
Elasticity is an economics concept that measures responsiveness of one variable to changes in another variable.
cynthia
right
Augustine
wooow!!
cynthia
Computer software represents
Mboledi Reply
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plz Reply
Hey what are you trying to mean?
Kenyana
what is Asset
MUBARAK
like a banana
Ahmed
demand is the process whereby consumers are willing and able to purchase a particular product at various price over a given period of time
Samuel Reply
The law of dinimish
Frank Reply
What is the law of dinimish
Frank
What is the law of dinimish
Frank
What is the law of dinimish
Frank
opportunity cost is to forgo something for another.
jackie Reply
yes
King
what is financial market
Asheeru Reply
what is demand
Levinel Reply
Demand is an economic principle referring to a consumer's desire to purchase goods and services and willingness to pay a price for a specific good or service.
Ali
explain any three exceptions to the law of demand
Emma Reply
Difference between extinct and extici spicies
Amanpreet Reply
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ap environmental science. OpenStax CNX. Sep 25, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10548/1.2
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