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Table 3 provides a tentative outline of a superintendent management training structure. The scope of thetraining involves many more classroom hours and in field placements. The result will be more costs to students, districts,and states. However, the payoff would be in higher levels of superintendent job performance and in the long run, provide abetter school system.

Conclusion

Superintendent Management Program and Profile

At the conclusion of the university based courses and training provided by the state agency, each studentcould present a composite profile illustrating content learning, experiences, and demonstrated competencies attested to by stateagency tests, university based tests and assessment and feedback from district superintendents. This broad based assessment shouldbe sufficient to convince school boards and communities that a superintendent is competent to manage district fiscal and physicalresources.

Fortunately, most of the management training needed by superintendents is assessable, as there is a right wayand a wrong way to perform a task. In brief, it is a measurable type of training at the pre-service and in-service level.

The principal challenge for a state to develop and implement a superintendent management training programwill be to:

  • Align efforts between higher education programs, professional associations, and the state agency.
  • Require districts to provide release time for training, internships, and apprenticeships.
  • Provide incentives for principals and central office administrators to enter a superintendent training program.
  • Establish a program to continually update and monitor the skills of central office administrators already recognized.

References

American School Board Association/National School Board Association. (2000). Roles and responsibilities:school boards and superintendents. Arlington: American Association of School Administrators.

Callahan, R.E. (1962). The education and the cult of efficiency. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Council of Chief State School Officers. (1996). Interstate school leaders’licensure consortium: standards for school leaders. Washington: Author.

Cuban, L. (1976). Urban school chiefs under fire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Drucker, P. (1985). Effective executive. New York: Harper&Row.

Education Writers Association. (2003). Effective superintendents, effective boards, findingthe right fit.Washington: Author.

Glass, T. E.&Bjork, L. (2003). The superintendent shortage: Findings from research on boardpresidents. Journal of School Leadership, 13 (3), 264-88.

Glass, T. E., Bjork, L.,&Brunner, C. (2000). The study of the American school superintendency: A look atthe superintendent in the new millennium.Arlington, VA: American Association of School Administrators.

Glass, T. E. (1992). The study of the American school superintendency. Arlington, VA: AmericanAssociation of School Administrators.

Glass, T. E. (2001). Superintendent leaders look at the superintendency, school boards, and reform. Denver, CO:Education Commission of the States.

Glass, T. E. (2001b). The superintendent crisis: A review by search consultants. Denver, CO: EducationCommission of the States.

Glass, T. E. (2004). History of educational administration as viewed through its textbooks. Latham:Scarecrow.

Hersey, P.&Blanchard, K. (1988). Management and organizational behavior. Englewood:Prentice-Hall.

Hoyle, J. (1993) Professional standards for the superintendent. Arlington, VA: American Association of SchoolAdministrators.

Hoyle, J., Bjork, L., Collier, V.,&Glass, T. (2004). The superintendent as CEO. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin

Iacocca, L.&Novak, M. (1987). Iacocca: An autobiography. New York: Bantam Books.

Kowalski, T. J.&Glass, T. E. (2000). Preparing superintendents in the 21st s century. MidwestEducational Research Association, Chicago.

Kowalski, T. J. (2001). The superintendency. Saddle River: Prentice-Hall

Lunenberg, F. C.&Ornstein, A. C. (2000). Educational administration: Concepts and practices.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Lutz, F.&Merz, C. (1992). The politics of school community relations. New York: Teachers College.

National Center for Education Statistics. (2001). Overview of public elementary and secondary schools anddistricts: School year 1999-2000. Washington: Author.

Ray, J.R., Hack, W.G.,&Candoli, C. (2001). (7th ed). School business administration: A planningapproach. Boston:Allyn&Bacon.

Zaleznick, A. (2004). Managers and Leaders: Are they different? Harvard Business Review, 82(1), 74-81.(Original work published 1977)

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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