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The state role should be to provide specialized training (example being state accounting manualprocedures) introduced in the university fiscal sequence augmented by practicum and field experience contacts. Other examples would berequiring students to attend state agency sponsored workshops and training sessions focused on implementing and managing districtmanagement programs in inventory, material distribution, fund accounting, auditing, and purchasing. The participation might bekept in“professional portfolios”containing specifics of the training (objectives, hours, content etc.) and of course theperformance level of the participant.

Every state has very specific requirements on how these management functions are to be performed and accountedfor by local districts. Most states have already learned the best way to achieve management uniformity is through agency sponsoredworkshop and training sessions. Hopefully, state agencies feel participants in these state sponsored training sessions performbetter if they already have received baseline content knowledge in prior higher education coursework.

An excellent example is the state of Washington’s practice where the state auditor general directly audits the finances of school districts. Districts reimburse theauditor general’s office for these costs and in return receive excellent staff training in how the state desires districts tomaintain fiscal records, control budget processes, and insure proper accounting practices. Superintendents many times receive thesame training from the auditors as the district bookkeepers and clerks.

Internships and Apprenticeships.

Once a student has completed a 9 or 12 semester hour sequence and met state requirements in specializedmanagement curricula, a 2 year internship or 1 year“apprenticeship”in a district central office should be required for licensing and nomination for professional recognition. Acomprehensive internship would be planned and sequenced“on the job training”woven into the student-administrators“normal”working day as principal or central office administrator. This on the jobinternship would be supervised by the district superintendent and a university faculty member.

A 1 year apprenticeship in executive management would involve at least 25% to 50% time release.Internships would qualify applicants for initial recognition subject to further training. A completed apprenticeship wouldqualify applicants for“full”recognition. The most intense part of the internship and apprenticeship would be in the area of fiscal,budget, and operations management.

Module 2 Personnel Management

In this module, 9 semester hours of university course content would be required to provide essentialknowledge of personnel practices such as managing recruitment, evaluation, induction, and staff development programs. Threesemester hours need to be required in personnel operation management areas such as fringe benefits, safety, and collectivebargaining contract management. The last 3 semester hours need to be an advanced school law class focusing on legal issuesparticularly related to various types of contracts affecting staff and students.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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