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The state role should be to provide specialized training (example being state accounting manualprocedures) introduced in the university fiscal sequence augmented by practicum and field experience contacts. Other examples would berequiring students to attend state agency sponsored workshops and training sessions focused on implementing and managing districtmanagement programs in inventory, material distribution, fund accounting, auditing, and purchasing. The participation might bekept in“professional portfolios”containing specifics of the training (objectives, hours, content etc.) and of course theperformance level of the participant.

Every state has very specific requirements on how these management functions are to be performed and accountedfor by local districts. Most states have already learned the best way to achieve management uniformity is through agency sponsoredworkshop and training sessions. Hopefully, state agencies feel participants in these state sponsored training sessions performbetter if they already have received baseline content knowledge in prior higher education coursework.

An excellent example is the state of Washington’s practice where the state auditor general directly audits the finances of school districts. Districts reimburse theauditor general’s office for these costs and in return receive excellent staff training in how the state desires districts tomaintain fiscal records, control budget processes, and insure proper accounting practices. Superintendents many times receive thesame training from the auditors as the district bookkeepers and clerks.

Internships and Apprenticeships.

Once a student has completed a 9 or 12 semester hour sequence and met state requirements in specializedmanagement curricula, a 2 year internship or 1 year“apprenticeship”in a district central office should be required for licensing and nomination for professional recognition. Acomprehensive internship would be planned and sequenced“on the job training”woven into the student-administrators“normal”working day as principal or central office administrator. This on the jobinternship would be supervised by the district superintendent and a university faculty member.

A 1 year apprenticeship in executive management would involve at least 25% to 50% time release.Internships would qualify applicants for initial recognition subject to further training. A completed apprenticeship wouldqualify applicants for“full”recognition. The most intense part of the internship and apprenticeship would be in the area of fiscal,budget, and operations management.

Module 2 Personnel Management

In this module, 9 semester hours of university course content would be required to provide essentialknowledge of personnel practices such as managing recruitment, evaluation, induction, and staff development programs. Threesemester hours need to be required in personnel operation management areas such as fringe benefits, safety, and collectivebargaining contract management. The last 3 semester hours need to be an advanced school law class focusing on legal issuesparticularly related to various types of contracts affecting staff and students.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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