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The depth of a“management”curriculum is precise and detailed. An example would be that superintendents mustbe able to insure the state accounting manual provisions are being adhered to in a proper manner. Few superintendents have takenundergraduate courses in accounting and fewer have had a general introduction to accounting in their education administrationpreparation program. These state accounting manuals are typically hundreds of pages of complex information and detailed forms. Thisinformation is currently only provided occasionally by state agencies and professional associations and rarely provided byhigher education classes. Most often this information is acquired (sometimes well and sometimes not so well) via on the job training.Many citizens might be quite upset to learn their superintendent (“chief executive officer”) managing a 50 million dollar budget has little if any understanding of basic accounting (or bookkeeping)functions. The same can be said of many other important (and expensive) areas of district operations such as fringe benefits,workers compensation, and investments.

A Compendium of“Best Practices”

The complexity of district management requires a substantial compendium of“best practices”to insure efficient and effective management. This compendium, built on averified knowledge and a validated standards base, should be a joint work of university, state agency, and professionalassociations. This district management“bible”might merge university textbooks, state manuals, and professional associationpublications into a usable“best practices”text. The curriculum needs to be built on research, not anecdotal accounts orconventional wisdom based on flawed professional practice.

Again, an extensive validation process is needed to insure“best practices”in the compendium are realistic, appropriate and inclusive for the various sizes and types ofdistricts. The compendium topics might influence the curriculum of higher education courses, topics of state agency training, andevaluation standards for professional recognition. It should insure alignment between the university programs, state agency, andprofessional associations concerns. These compendia of best practices would serve as the base documents for the three tierrecognition assessment.

Five Domains of Superintendent Executive Management

There are five domains of management preparation for superintendents (1) fiscal, (2), personnel, (3)support services (4) facilities, and (5) student services. Each domain can be developed into an instructional and performancemodule.

Module 1–Fiscal

This critical module is focused on planning and managing the finances of school districts. The role of theuniversity based program should be to disseminate content knowledge about state financing, taxing systems, budgeting systems, basiccontract law, risk management programs, and structures of salary/wage management. This probably should be a 9 or 12 semesterhour course sequence in finance, budget, and operations management. Practicum and field experience hours need to be required forstudents to experience first hand fiscal, budget, and operations systems at work in“model”school districts. Importantly, the course content (if possible) would extend previous learning at themaster’s (principal licensing) level. An example is“budgeting at the building level,”a common content area in many master’s programs in educational administration.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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