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Recognition Levels

The vast range of district sizes, types, and budgets create a three tier“mastery”of professional superintendent management: (1) executive management, (2) registeredmanagement, and (3) qualified management. This scheme would accommodate district size differences as executive superintendentmanagers would likely be found in very large districts, registered managers in medium sized districts, and qualified managers insmaller districts.

A separate setof requirements need to be developed for each tier. An applicant should not necessarily berequired to begin at the bottom tier. Many experienced central office administrators may be well prepared for the“executive management”tier without first going through the“registered”and“qualified”tiers.

A reasonable question evolving from this scheme is whether principals and central office administratorsmight be discouraged from seeking the superintendency because of raised levels for preparation, assessment, licensing, andprofessional recognition. A recent study found there to be no lack of qualified applicants for superintendents (Glass&Bjork, 2003).

Superintendent applicants with demonstrated and“recognized”management expertise in all likelihood would be more desirable (and qualified) candidates for vacant superintendentpositions. Professional recognition by universities, states, and professional organizations would accentuate the importance ofcompetent district management. Many boards now seem to“assume”that every state licensed superintendent is a competent manager of district fiscal, human, and physical resources. Considering thehaphazard manner of current preparation and licensing, this simply is not true in a high percentage of cases. Superintendent researchshows management expertise is and has been, over the years, the prime hiring criteria used by boards (Glass, Bjork&Brunner, 2000).

The Role of Standard and Performance Indicators

Many essential skills and knowledge bases are currently being offered by higher education programs as required bystate sponsored programs and standards based licensing requirements. Specific management skills areas such as cashaccounting, auditing, and financial investing are often provided by private sector groups.

Current National Policy Board and Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium ( ISLLC) standards are vagueand insufficient to serve as an accurate means to identify and verify quality district superintendent management. In fact, theISLLC“performance indicators”do not even mention essential areas of district management! And, they do not differentiate betweendistrict sizes, budgets, types, and programs (Council of Chief State School Officers, 1996). The performance indicators, whilemostly appropriate, are merely outline“statements”of required training and performance.

The AASA superintendent standards are sufficiently credible (validated) to serve as an appropriateinitial launch point for establishing a“management curriculum”for the superintendency (Hoyle, 1993). A credible training programshould be based on both validated standards and indicators. This joint undertaking between higher education preparation programs,state agencies, and professional associations to develop a“validated”training program could prove to district improvement.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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