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Recognition Levels

The vast range of district sizes, types, and budgets create a three tier“mastery”of professional superintendent management: (1) executive management, (2) registeredmanagement, and (3) qualified management. This scheme would accommodate district size differences as executive superintendentmanagers would likely be found in very large districts, registered managers in medium sized districts, and qualified managers insmaller districts.

A separate setof requirements need to be developed for each tier. An applicant should not necessarily berequired to begin at the bottom tier. Many experienced central office administrators may be well prepared for the“executive management”tier without first going through the“registered”and“qualified”tiers.

A reasonable question evolving from this scheme is whether principals and central office administratorsmight be discouraged from seeking the superintendency because of raised levels for preparation, assessment, licensing, andprofessional recognition. A recent study found there to be no lack of qualified applicants for superintendents (Glass&Bjork, 2003).

Superintendent applicants with demonstrated and“recognized”management expertise in all likelihood would be more desirable (and qualified) candidates for vacant superintendentpositions. Professional recognition by universities, states, and professional organizations would accentuate the importance ofcompetent district management. Many boards now seem to“assume”that every state licensed superintendent is a competent manager of district fiscal, human, and physical resources. Considering thehaphazard manner of current preparation and licensing, this simply is not true in a high percentage of cases. Superintendent researchshows management expertise is and has been, over the years, the prime hiring criteria used by boards (Glass, Bjork&Brunner, 2000).

The Role of Standard and Performance Indicators

Many essential skills and knowledge bases are currently being offered by higher education programs as required bystate sponsored programs and standards based licensing requirements. Specific management skills areas such as cashaccounting, auditing, and financial investing are often provided by private sector groups.

Current National Policy Board and Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium ( ISLLC) standards are vagueand insufficient to serve as an accurate means to identify and verify quality district superintendent management. In fact, theISLLC“performance indicators”do not even mention essential areas of district management! And, they do not differentiate betweendistrict sizes, budgets, types, and programs (Council of Chief State School Officers, 1996). The performance indicators, whilemostly appropriate, are merely outline“statements”of required training and performance.

The AASA superintendent standards are sufficiently credible (validated) to serve as an appropriateinitial launch point for establishing a“management curriculum”for the superintendency (Hoyle, 1993). A credible training programshould be based on both validated standards and indicators. This joint undertaking between higher education preparation programs,state agencies, and professional associations to develop a“validated”training program could prove to district improvement.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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