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How Superintendents Might Be Trained for Management Roles

There are few if any supporters of current superintendent preparation programs. A reason being there are sofew stand alone programs. Most preparation programs consolidate the superintendent credential into doctoral course programrequirements. Strangely, to criticize superintendent credentialing is to criticize doctoral programs! This has created a situationwhere superintendent preparation has been“pushed”out of the way for academics.

This paper will not debate the appropriateness or inappropriateness of existing quasi-programs orthe few stand-alone providing services to a small handful of aspiring superintendents. They serve a miniscule number of the year2000 new superintendents (Glass, 2002). Superintendents themselves have over the years evaluated their preparation programs to be“good.”Interestingly, this positive evaluation is also held by“superintendent leaders”in the profession (Glass, 2002).

A key question is what agencies or institutions might best provide superintendent training to managetax payer supported school districts. Historically, this has been largely the role of graduate programs in educationaladministration, housed in institutions of higher education. A modicum of pre and post employment training has been provided byprofessional associations, state agencies, and the occasional district. Perhaps the primary expectation held by the professionhas been for higher education programs to provide important content knowledge. The skill training necessary for actual day to day workis left to chance or loosely organized.

Preparation program content for principals and superintendents has been and is still dominated bycertification and licensing requirements. What is required for licensing and certification is what is taught. An example is thatuntil the 1980’s most states required a school facility planning class. Today, only one or two states require the class and mosteducational administration programs no longer require or teach it. This is despite the need to replace aging infrastructure in amajority of the nation’s school districts.

One possible course of action to guarantee superintendent managerial expertise may be to restructure presentcertification requirements. Considering the critical nature of management, a separate or extended certification might be providedby a specialized university preparation track that is supplemented by direct state agency involvement. University programs should notcontinue to be isolated from local districts and the state agency in licensing superintendents.

This restructured certificate or license should be sized for large, medium, and small districts. It seemsincongruent to certify a superintendent-manager for responsibility to manage a budget ranging from one million to one billion dollars.Present superintendent certification assumes a superintendent is qualified for any size of district. This assumption may have beenappropriate 50 years ago but not in today’s complex world of public education.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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