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How Superintendents Might Be Trained for Management Roles

There are few if any supporters of current superintendent preparation programs. A reason being there are sofew stand alone programs. Most preparation programs consolidate the superintendent credential into doctoral course programrequirements. Strangely, to criticize superintendent credentialing is to criticize doctoral programs! This has created a situationwhere superintendent preparation has been“pushed”out of the way for academics.

This paper will not debate the appropriateness or inappropriateness of existing quasi-programs orthe few stand-alone providing services to a small handful of aspiring superintendents. They serve a miniscule number of the year2000 new superintendents (Glass, 2002). Superintendents themselves have over the years evaluated their preparation programs to be“good.”Interestingly, this positive evaluation is also held by“superintendent leaders”in the profession (Glass, 2002).

A key question is what agencies or institutions might best provide superintendent training to managetax payer supported school districts. Historically, this has been largely the role of graduate programs in educationaladministration, housed in institutions of higher education. A modicum of pre and post employment training has been provided byprofessional associations, state agencies, and the occasional district. Perhaps the primary expectation held by the professionhas been for higher education programs to provide important content knowledge. The skill training necessary for actual day to day workis left to chance or loosely organized.

Preparation program content for principals and superintendents has been and is still dominated bycertification and licensing requirements. What is required for licensing and certification is what is taught. An example is thatuntil the 1980’s most states required a school facility planning class. Today, only one or two states require the class and mosteducational administration programs no longer require or teach it. This is despite the need to replace aging infrastructure in amajority of the nation’s school districts.

One possible course of action to guarantee superintendent managerial expertise may be to restructure presentcertification requirements. Considering the critical nature of management, a separate or extended certification might be providedby a specialized university preparation track that is supplemented by direct state agency involvement. University programs should notcontinue to be isolated from local districts and the state agency in licensing superintendents.

This restructured certificate or license should be sized for large, medium, and small districts. It seemsincongruent to certify a superintendent-manager for responsibility to manage a budget ranging from one million to one billion dollars.Present superintendent certification assumes a superintendent is qualified for any size of district. This assumption may have beenappropriate 50 years ago but not in today’s complex world of public education.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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