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Student Attendance

Accurate management of the district’s attendance program is critical. In most states the district’s state revenue is driven by attendance count. State reporting forsecondary school drop-outs is becoming a frustrating management problem for many districts and superintendents due to NCLBlegislation.

Support Services Management

Student Transportation

If buses do not run, many districts do not run. Transporting children to and from school safely is animportant legal responsibility for the district and superintendent. Management systems creating bus routes, bus replacement,maintenance, and personnel is a critical management function.

Food Services

Food service operations take place daily in school districts and consume district resources in buildings,personnel, utilities, budget, supervision, and required management hours.

Legal and Professional Services

Districts employ the services of attorneys on a frequent, if not permanent, basis. Superintendents must be ableto use these services to be the best financial benefit to the district. Other professional services managed by the superintendentare certified public accountants, engineers, architects, and medical personnel.

Outsourcing Services

Many districts currently outsource services such as payroll, food service, janitorial service, technology, andtransportation. Superintendents are required to be competent in understanding bids, contracts, contract management, and evaluationof out sourced services.

The Context of Superintendent Management

The level of superintendent participation in the preceding management areas is primarily determined by districtsize, not training, experience, or personal inclination. The number of district administrators or managers available to work with orunder the supervision of the superintendent to accomplish management tasks typically depends on available dollars, enrollmentsize, and board approval. Larger districts have larger central office staffs allowing the superintendent to assign and delegatemany management responsibilities. In most American school districts, superintendents perform the tasks themselves or sharethem with one or two other administrators.

While superintendents may“delegate”tasks to other administrators and managers, they still retain supervisoryand oversight responsibility to insure the management task is completed promptly and correctly. Importantly, they are ultimatelyresponsible to the board, community, and the state for effective and legal districtmanagement.

There appear to be four identifiable superintendent management roles within the nations 14,500 schooldistricts. Again, the size of the district largely determines the context of the role. The district size categories used in thispaper illustrate or describe four superintendent“management”break out roles. These size groups have been used in the last fifty yearsin the American Association of School Administrator’s“Ten Year”superintendent studies.

The very large districts serve more than 25,000 students. There are 225 of these districts. The second sizecategory is large districts serving 3,000 to 25,000 students. About 2,700 districts fall into this category. There are 7,400 mediumsize districts enrolling 300 to 3,000 students each. The fourth and last category is small districts, which is comprised of 2,300districts. Each of the small districts is comprised of 300 or fewer students. The average size of the nearly 14,000 functioning schooldistricts in the United States is about 2,400 students (Glass, Bjork,&Brunner, 2000).

Questions & Answers

Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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