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Thus, the impulse response describes how a system behaves directly in time, while the frequency responsedescribes how it behaves in frequency. The two descriptions are intimately related because the frequency response is theFourier transform of the impulse response. This will be used repeatedly in [link] to design filters for the manipulation (augmentation or removal)of specified frequencies.

In Exercise  [link] , a system was defined to have an impulse response that is a sinc function.The Fourier transform of a sinc function in time is a rect function in frequency [link] . Hence, the frequency response of the system is a rectangle that passes all frequencies below f c = 1 / T and removes all frequencies above (i.e., the system is a lowpass filter).

M atlab can help to visualize the relationship between the impulse response and the frequency response.For instance, the system in convolex.m is defined via its impulse response, which is a decaying exponential. [link] shows its output when the input is a simple sum of delta functions, andExercise  [link] explores the output when the input is a white noise. In freqresp.m , the behavior of this system is explained by looking at its frequency response.

Ts=1/100; time=10;             % sampling interval and total time t=0:Ts:time;                   % create time vectorh=exp(-t);                     % define impulse response plotspec(h,Ts)                 % find and plot frequency response
freqresp.m numerical example of impulse and frequency response (download file)

The output of freqresp.m is shown in [link] . The frequency response of the system (which is just the magnitude spectrum ofthe impulse response) is found using plotspec.m . In this case, the frequency response amplifies low frequenciesand attenuates other frequencies more as the frequency increases. This explains, for instance, why the output of theconvolution in Exercise  [link] contained (primarily) lower frequencies, as evidenced by the slower undulations in time.

The action of a system in time is defined by its impulse response (in the top plot). The action of the system in frequency is defined by its frequency response (in the bottom plot), a kind of lowpass filter.
The action of a system in time is defined by its impulse response (in the top plot). The action of the system in frequencyis defined by its frequency response (in the bottom plot), a kind of lowpass filter.

Suppose a system has an impulse response that is a sinc function. Using freqresp.m , find the frequency response of the system. What kind of filter does this represent?Hint: center the sinc in time; for instance, use h=sinc(10*(t-time/2)) .

Suppose a system has an impulse response that is a sin function. Using freqresp.m , find the frequency response of the system. What kind of filter does this represent?Can you predict the relationship between the frequency of the sine wave and the location of the peaks in the spectrum?Hint: try h=sin(25*t) .

Create a simulation (analogous to convolex.m ) that inputs white noise into a system with impulse responsethat is a sinc function (as in Exercise  [link] ). Calculate the spectra of the input and outputusing plotspec.m . Verify that the system behaves as suggested by thefrequency response in Exercise  [link] .

Create a simulation (analogous to convolex.m ) that inputs white noise into a system with impulse responsethat is a sin function (as in Exercise  [link] ). Calculate the spectra of the input and outputusing plotspec.m . Verify that the system behaves as suggested by thefrequency response in Exercise  [link] .

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
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Source:  OpenStax, Software receiver design. OpenStax CNX. Aug 13, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11510/1.3
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