<< Chapter < Page
  Seismic imaging   Page 1 / 1
Chapter >> Page >
An introduction to filtering. Examines a simple case using a bandpass filter.

The data we get back from the seismic experiments will be in the form of a matrix of time series vectors. These vectors of course will have a certain amount of noise polluting the signal. In order to make any sense of the data we first have to filter these vectors to remove the unnecessary noise. It is only after filtering the data that we can hope to get a clear picture after imaging.

Ok, so let’s look at some simple models for a signal with noise. A simple case would be where the signal and the noise are in separate bandwidths in the frequency domain. With this knowledge we can chart a basic simple filtering algorithm.

Step 1: Take the Fourier Transform of the data, so that we can look at it in the frequency domain.

Step 2: Looking at the spectrum we pinpoint the particular bandwidths where the signal is located and where the noise is located.

Step 3: We develop a standard Band pass filter that only allows the bandwidths in which the signal “lives” to come through.

Step 4: Now that we have our data outputted by the Band Pass filter, we are ready to send it for processing.

Bandpass filter
Unfiltered spectrum
Filtered Spectrum

This is a very simplistic model for filtering noise out of a signal. In real life, it is very unlikely that the signal and noise will live in separate bandwidths in the frequency domain. What is much more likely is that the signal and noise will overlap across a sizeable amount of the spectrum. Clearly no simple filter (like the Bandpass ) can filter out the noise adequately from the received signal.

Clearly a more sophisticated approach for filtering is required. In the next section we will take a look at just such a technique; something so wonderful that has the potential to solve all of our problems.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Seismic imaging. OpenStax CNX. Dec 16, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10251/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Seismic imaging' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask